Courtship tactics in garter snakes: how do a male's morphology and behaviour influence his mating success?

@article{Shine2004CourtshipTI,
  title={Courtship tactics in garter snakes: how do a male's morphology and behaviour influence his mating success?},
  author={Richard Shine and Tracy Langkilde and Robert T. Mason},
  journal={Animal Behaviour},
  year={2004},
  volume={67},
  pages={477-483}
}

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Red-sided garter snakes in central Manitoba court and mate in early spring soon after emerging from communal overwintering dens, and some males ("she-males") produce female-like skin pheromones, and hence attract courtship from other males.
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Correspondence and present address: J. A. Rivas, 17126 Lawson Valley Road, Jamul, CA 91935, U.S.A. G. M. Burghardt is at the Department of Psychology, University of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN
Cryptic Forcible Insemination: Male Snakes Exploit Female Physiology, Anatomy, and Behavior to Obtain Coercive Matings
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It is shown that male garter snakes forcibly inseminate females by taking advantage of specific features of snake physiology, respiratory anatomy, and antipredator behavior.
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