Courtship behavior of the castniid palm borer, Paysandisia archon : potential roles of male scents and visual cues in a day-flying moth

  title={Courtship behavior of the castniid palm borer, Paysandisia archon : potential roles of male scents and visual cues in a day-flying moth},
  author={Roxane Delle-Vedove and Brigitte Fr{\'e}rot and Martine Hossaert-McKey and Laurence Beaudoin‐Ollivier},
  journal={Journal of Insect Science},
Abstract The castniid palm borer, Paysandisia archon (Burmeister) (Lepidoptera: Castniidae), is a South American moth that in the last ten years has become a major pest of palm trees in the Mediterranean region. Current knowledge on the reproductive behavior of this diurnal moth suggests the importance of both visual and chemical cues, in particular the production of a male pheromone emitted during a specific scratching behavior. Male-produced scents have diverse functions in lepidopteran… 

Evidence for Long-range Mate Attraction Mediated By a Male-produced Sex Pheromone in Paysandisia archon (Lepidoptera: Castniidae)

Olfactory responses of P. archon to conspecifics, with and without visual cues, in a wind tunnel and in the field showed that the virgin males exhibiting the scratching behavior, whether they were visible or not, attracted virgin females at long range.

Sexual communication in castniid moths: Males mark their territories and appear to bear all chemical burden

Three new compounds are identified in males of the Castniid Palm Borer, Paysandisia archon, which could be involved in its short-range courtship behavior, and they are reported to mark their territory by rubbing their midlegs against the upper side of nearby leaves, especially palm leaves.

Evidence of Male Pheromone in Conogethes punctiferalis (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

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The mating strategy and reproductive performance of Agriphila aeneociliella (Lepidoptera: Crambidae), a new insect pest of wheat in China

The duration of copulation decreased substantially with male mating frequency, whereas, when a previously mated female was paired with a virgin male, fecundity significantly increased.

Morphological, chemical and electrophysiological investigations of Telchin licus (Lepidoptera: Castniidae)

The giant sugarcane borer Telchin licus has six morphological types of sensilla: sensilla trichodea, basiconica, chaetica, squamiforma, coeloconica, and auricillica, and the midleg basitarsus of males releases (E,Z)-2,13-octadecadienol and (Z,E)-2, 13- octadecADienol, which are electroantennographically

Finding Prospective Mates by the Parasitoid Wasp Urolepis rufipes (Hymenoptera: Pteromalidae)

It is suggested that males may use emergence sites of conspecific males to locate mates and find and attract females through his own attraction to male-emerged hosts and by marking near other males, with no apparent increase in the cost of attraction.

Sexual communication in diurnal moths: behaviors and mechanisms

Pheromone–binding proteins and histamine and visual genes play important roles during the signal conduction of sexual communication in diurnal moths, however, the regulatory mechanisms of acoustic communication in day–flying moths are unclear.

Antennal transcriptome analysis of the piercing moth Oraesia emarginata (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae)

In conclusion, the findings of the present study may help explain the molecular mechanism underlying olfaction and the evolution of olfactory genes encoding sex pheromones in O. emarginata and differ from those of other studied noctuids.

The invasive moth Paysandisia archon in Europe: Biology and control options

This review highlights the most relevant information on the biology of P. archon and summarizes the available control strategies with a special focus on biocontrol‐based treatments.

A spatially explicit analysis of Paysandisia archon attack on the endemic Mediterranean dwarf palm

The results highlight the importance of spatially explicit analyses for assessing invasive events and point to the need of early interventions and prioritizing management efforts on larger palms in order to guarantee the conservation of autochthonous dwarf palm populations.



The courtship behavior of the cabbage moth,Mamestra brassicae (Lepidoptera: Noctuidae), and the role of male hair-pencils

The courtship behavior of the cabbage moth, Mamestra brassicae(L), was studied in moving air conditions in a wind tunnel, using video techniques, and it is proposed that the HP volatiles act as an arrestant for the female, both during courtship and after pair formation, to increase female acceptance and to prevent premature termination of copulation.

Moths Behaving like Butterflies. Evolutionary Loss of Long Range Attractant Pheromones in Castniid Moths: A Paysandisia archon Model

Evidence for the first time in Lepidoptera is provided that females of a moth do not produce any pheromone to attract males, and that mate location is achieved only visually by patrolling males, which may release a phermone at short distance, putatively a mixture of Z,E-farnesal, E, E-fearful, and (E,Z)-2,13-octadecadienol.

Comparative study of courtship in twelve phycitine moths (Lepidoptera: Pyralidae)

The grouping of species based on courtship characters was poorly correlated with taxonomic relationships, suggesting that the selective pressures governing the evolution and maintenance of courtship and male pheromones were distinct from those involved in the evolution of other morphological characters.

Courtship Behavior of the Oriental Fruit Moth (Grapholitha molesta) : Experimental Analysis and Consideration of the Role of Sexual Selection in the Evolution of Courtship Pheromones in the Lepidoptera

The hairpencil display is viewed as a form of clasper extension behavior that has become "ritualized" through the process of sexual selection.

Courtship behavior of Heliconius erato phyllis (Lepidoptera, Nymphalidae) towards virgin and mated females: conflict between attraction and repulsion signals?

It is suggested that there is a trade-off between an attraction pheromone, important for males to locate female pupae, and the male-transferred antiaphrodisiac, so that young, mated females may have both signals active.

Behavioral interactions in the courtship of Lymantria dispar (Lepidoptera: Lymantriidae).

The fact that all courtships were successful, and the rarity of discernible rejection behaviors, suggest that females are not choosy about prospective mating partners, although the possibility of cryptic mate choice is discussed.

Reproductive biology of the palm borer, Paysandisia archon (Lepidoptera: Castniidae)

Investigation of the reproductive behaviour of P. archon found females were generally monandrous, but nevertheless remained attractive after mating, and oviposition, sex pheromones and their role in mediating mating behaviour in this pest were investigated.

The Male Sex Pheromone of the Butterfly Bicyclus anynana: Towards an Evolutionary Analysis

This study provides one of the first integrative analyses of a MSP in butterflies, and Interestingly, the chemical structure of B. anynana MSP is similar to some sex pheromones of female moths making a direct comparison of phersomone biosynthesis between male butterflies and female moth relevant to future research.

Precopulatory assessment of male quality in an arctiid moth (Utetheisa ornatrix): hydroxydanaidal is the only criterion of choice

Females of the moth Utetheisa ornatrix mate preferentially with males that excel in three quantitatively correlated attributes: body mass, systemic content of defensive pyrrolizidine alkaloid, and glandular content of the courtship pheromone hydroxydanaidal.

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