Courtship, spawning and inferred social organization of American angelfishes (Genera Pomacanthus, Holacanthus and Centropyge; pomacanthidae)

@article{Moyer2004CourtshipSA,
  title={Courtship, spawning and inferred social organization of American angelfishes (Genera Pomacanthus, Holacanthus and Centropyge; pomacanthidae)},
  author={Jack T. Moyer and Ronald E. Thresher and Patrick L. Colin},
  journal={Environmental Biology of Fishes},
  year={2004},
  volume={9},
  pages={25-39}
}
SynopsisCourtship, spawning and social organization are described for six species of American angelfishes, with notes provided on three additional species. In all species discussed, as well as all those in the western Pacific for which data are available, spawning occurs daily, throughout all or most of the lunar cycle, and involves pairing only. Both permanent sexual dichromatism and temporary dichromatism during courtship and spawning occur sporadically in the family and do not yet clearly… 
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Social organization and reproductive behavior were studied in 4 species of ostraciid fishes, and elements of both “resource defense” and “female defense" were evident in the 2Lactoria species, and female defense appeared particularly intense in L. diaphana.
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