Court and Piety in Late Anglo-Saxon England

  title={Court and Piety in Late Anglo-Saxon England},
  author={Mary Frances Smith and Robin Fleming and Patricia Halpin},
  journal={The Catholic Historical Review},
  pages={569 - 602}
Introduction Already, by the early twelfth century, the kind of piety practiced by Anglo-Scandinavian elites in the late tenth and early eleventh centuries was considered old-fashioned, even vulgar. The almost complete annihilation of the upper reaches of this aristocracy, both lay and ecclesiastical, in the decade following the Battle of Hastings left this group open to a set of wide-ranging critiques by the Norman victors; and AngloNorman churchmen, kings, and historians were quick to point… 
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