Coupled diffusion and abiotic reaction of trichlorethene in minimally disturbed rock matrices.

Abstract

Laboratory experiments were performed using minimally disturbed sedimentary rocks to measure the coupled diffusion and abiotic reaction of trichloroethene (TCE) through rock core samples. Results showed that, for all rock types studied, TCE dechlorination occurred, as evidenced by generation of acetylene, ethene, and/or ethane daughter products. First-order bulk reaction rate constants for TCE degradation ranged from 8.3 × 10(-10) to 4.2 × 10(-8) s(-1). Observed reaction rate constants showed a general correlation to the available ferrous iron content of the rock, which was determined by evaluating the spatial distribution of ferrous iron relative to that of the rock porosity. For some rock types, exposure to TCE resulted in a decrease in the effective diffusivity. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) indicated that the decrease in the effective diffusivity was due to a decrease in the porosity that occurred after exposure to TCE. Overall, these coupled diffusion and reaction results suggest that diffusion of TCE into rock matrices as well as the rate and extent of back-diffusion may be substantially mitigated in rocks that contain ferrous iron or other naturally occurring reactive metals, thereby lessening the impacts of matrix diffusion on sustaining dissolved contaminant plumes in bedrock aquifers.

DOI: 10.1021/es400457s

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Cite this paper

@article{Schaefer2013CoupledDA, title={Coupled diffusion and abiotic reaction of trichlorethene in minimally disturbed rock matrices.}, author={Charles E. Schaefer and Rachael M Towne and David R Lippincott and Volha I. Lazouskaya and Timothy B Fischer and Michael E. Bishop and Hailiang Dong}, journal={Environmental science & technology}, year={2013}, volume={47 9}, pages={4291-8} }