Counting Things and People: The Practices and Politics of Counting

@article{Martin2009CountingTA,
  title={Counting Things and People: The Practices and Politics of Counting},
  author={Aryn Martin and Michael Lynch},
  journal={Social Problems},
  year={2009},
  volume={56},
  pages={243-266}
}
Many scientific and nonscientific activities involve practices of counting . Counting is, perhaps, the most elementary of numerical practices: an ability to count is presupposed in arithmetic and other branches of mathematics, and counting also is part of innumerable everyday and specialized activities. Though it is a simple practice when considered abstractly, in specific cases counting can be quite complicated, contentious, and socially consequential. Categorical judgments determine what… 
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