Counting Cadres: A Comparative View of the Size of China's Public Employment*

  title={Counting Cadres: A Comparative View of the Size of China's Public Employment*},
  author={Yuen Yuen Ang},
  journal={The China Quarterly},
  pages={676 - 696}
Abstract Is China's public bureaucracy overstaffed? To answer this basic question objectively, one needs to define public employment in the contemporary Chinese context; survey data sources available to measure public employment; and finally, compare China's public employment size with that of other countries. Using a variety of new sources, this article performs all three tasks. It also goes further to clarify the variance between bianzhi (formally established posts) and actual staffing size… Expand
Beyond Local Protectionism: China's State–Business Relations in the Last Two Decades
Abstract This article presents a large-scale, systematic study of politically connected firms in China. It was conducted by compiling a database of all the publicly traded firms in China in 1993,Expand
Co-optation & Clientelism: Nested Distributive Politics in China’s Single-Party Dictatorship
What explains the persistent growth of public employment in reform-era China despite repeated and forceful downsizing campaigns? Why do some provinces retain more public employees and experienceExpand
Why Does the Indian State Both Fail and Succeed?
The Indian state's performance spans the spectrum from woefully inadequate, especially in core public goods provision, to surprisingly impressive in successfully managing complex tasks and on aExpand
Political rationality vs. technical rationality in China's target-based performance measurement system: The case of social stability maintenance
Performance measurement is not only a technical tool but also a product of politics. Therefore, examining the politics behind the implementation of performance measurement systems will yieldExpand
China’s foreign aid system: structure, agencies, and identities
Abstract China’s rise as a (re)emerging donor has attracted attention over the last decade, with a focus on Chinese development assistance as a challenge to the Organisation for Economic CooperationExpand
The Oriental City : Political Hierarchy and Regional Development in China , AD 1000-2000 ∗
Because regime changes in China between AD1000 and 2000 systematically altered the relative importance of different regions in the political hierarchy, tracing the evolution of Chinese provincialExpand
Promoting City Leaders: The Structure of Political Incentives in China*
  • Cai Zuo
  • Political Science
  • The China Quarterly
  • 2015
Abstract The shift in Beijing's priorities to more balanced and people-oriented development has led some localities to make more efforts in developing social policy areas. By investigating theExpand
Party Selection of Officials in Contemporary China
This study considers how, in the absence of elections for national office, authoritarian ruling parties create organizational channels for selecting officials. Through a case study of the ChineseExpand
Beyond Weber: Conceptualizing an Alternative Ideal-Type of Bureaucracy in Developing Contexts
The study of public administration in developing countries needs to look beyond the Weberian model as the only ideal-type of bureaucracy. When we assume that there exists only one gold standard ofExpand
The Politics of Personnel Redundancy: The Non-leading Cadre System in the Chinese Bureaucracy
Abstract This study provides an overview of the origin, importance and strength of the non-leading cadre system and argues that the system plays a key role in building resilience in China'sExpand


China's “Soft” Centralization: Shifting Tiao/Kuai Authority Relations
This article analyses China's recent attempts to counter “local protectionism” and establish standardization in policy implementation and enforcement by centralizing a growing number of itsExpand
Government Employment and Pay: A Global and Regional Perspective
The authors try to replace myths about government pay and employment with reliable facts from a survey for about 100 countries in the early 1900s. The study also outlines the general nature of civilExpand
Grassroots Political Reform in Contemporary China
Grassroots Political Reform in Contemporary China, edited by Elizabeth J. Perry and Merle Goldman. Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 2007. xii + 402 pp. US$24.95/£38.96/euro55.30 (paperback).Expand
Institutional Reform and the Bianzhi System in China
The article addresses the important issue of the bianzhi system and the role this system plays in governing China at the central and the local level. In making a critical distinction betweenExpand
From Revolutionary Cadres to Party Technocrats in Socialist China
Using a wide variety of sources previously unavailable, Hong Yung Lee offers for the first time a theoretical and historical perspective on China's ruling elite, examining their politics and theExpand
“Downsizing” the Chinese State: Government Retrenchment in the 1990s
The Chinese Communist Party has maintained tight control over the institutions and processes for creating and deleting official posts. The Party's goal of maintaining as many official positions asExpand
The True Size of Government
This book addresses a seemingly simple question: Just how many people really work for the federal government? Official counts show a relatively small total of 1.9 million full-time civil servants, asExpand
China - National development and sub-national finance : a review of provincial expenditures
In China, the highly decentralized fiscal system undermines improvements in policy outcomes and contributes to increasing disparities among its regions. However, rather than re-centralizing, ChinaExpand
China’s Trapped Transition: The Limits of Developmental Autocracy
The rise of China as a great power is one of the most important developments in the 21st Century. But, despite dramatic economic progress, China's prospects remain uncertain. In a book sure toExpand
Is China's state apparatus being revamped as a result of post-Mao state rebuilding? An examination of the quality and capability of China's bureaucracy reveals that , despite some positiveExpand