Counterterrorism and Preventive Repression: China's Changing Strategy in Xinjiang

  title={Counterterrorism and Preventive Repression: China's Changing Strategy in Xinjiang},
  author={Sheena Chestnut Greitens and Myunghee Lee and Emir Yazici},
  journal={International Security},
In 2017–18, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) changed its domestic security strategy in Xinjiang, escalating the use of mass detention, ideological re-education, and pressure on Uyghur diaspora networks. Commonly proposed explanations for this shift focus on domestic factors: ethnic unrest, minority policy, and regional leadership. The CCP's strategy changes in Xinjiang, however, were also likely catalyzed by changing perceptions of the threat posed by Uyghur contact with transnational Islamic… 
29 Citations
China's System of Oppression in Xinjiang: How It Developed and How to Curb It
Chinese Communist Party (CCP) policies towards Xinjiang have increased colonial development, further eroded Uyghur autonomy through force and ethnic assimilationism, and co-opted the “Global War on
The Predatory State and Coercive Assimilation: The Case of the Uyghurs in Xinjiang
This paper uses the predatory theory of the state to explain China’s recent violent assimilationist policies in Xinjiang directed at the region’s minority Muslim Uyghur population. The predatory
Policing Terrorism in the Chinese Community: A Critical Analysis
  • Enshen Li
  • Asian Journal of Law and Society
  • 2021
After the 9/11 incidents, global counter-terrorism efforts have focused increasingly on community policing as a proactive and preventive approach to thwarting terrorism. This article explores the
Unravelling the mystery of parole in China
Across a burgeoning literature on punishment and society, the subject of parole has mostly been in the shadows of the disproportionate scholarly attention drawn to imprisonment. This article offers
Redefining the Uyghur Identity While Living Under the Chinese State
  • K. H. Tung
  • Political Science
    Cross-Cultural Advancements in Positive Psychology
  • 2021
In the assault on Uyghur identity and the project of homogenization of the ethnic makeup of the region, the Chinese Communist Party (CCP) has employed a myriad of tried-and-true policies and methods
Conditional cross-border effects of terrorism in China
  • Ji Yeon Hong, Wenhui Yang
  • Conflict Management and Peace Science
  • 2021
This paper explores whether the cross-border effect of ethnic violence is contingent on internal factors, such as domestic security measures, distribution of religious sites, availability of
China’s Global Leadership Through G20 Compliance
What kind of leadership role is China playing in the G20? How has this leadership role evolved over time, particularly with the recent global crises created by the COVID-19 pandemic? In addition,
Conflicting perceptions of education in Canada: the perspectives of well-educated Muslim Uyghur immigrants
ABSTRACT This paper discusses how some well-educated Muslim Uyghur immigrants position themselves in relation to the education systems in Canada. The findings reveal that, on the one hand, these
“No Cracks, no Blind Spots, no Gaps”: Technologically-Enabled “Preventative” Counterterrorism and Mass Repression in Xinjiang, China
  • Michael Clarke
  • Advanced Sciences and Technologies for Security Applications
  • 2021
The Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region (XUAR) of the People’s Republic of China (PRC) is now the site of the largest mass repression of an ethnic and/or religious minority in the world today.
Managed Mobilization: Ethnic Identity and Political Participation in China
  • Elise Pizzi, Wenfang Tang
  • Nationalism and Ethnic Politics
  • 2021
Abstract How does ethnic identity affect political participation in China? The Chinese government gathers information and shapes public opinion through mass mobilization. These efforts include the


Explaining the Chinese framing of the “terrorist” violence in Xinjiang: insights from securitization theory
This paper critically examines the Chinese framing of the “terrorist” violence in Xinjiang. Drawing on the Copenhagen school of securitization theory, it examines how the historical perception of the
China's Fear of Contagion: Tiananmen Square and the Power of the European Example
  • M. Sarotte
  • Political Science
    International Security
  • 2012
The Tiananmen Square massacre of June 1989 remains a taboo topic in the People's Republic of China (PRC); the ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP) still detains participants and suppresses online,
Navigating Securities: Rethinking (Counter-)Terrorism, Stability Maintenance, and Non-Violent Responses in the Chinese Province of Xinjiang
ABSTRACT This article draws on critical scholarship on (counter-)terrorism as well as the authors’ long-term fieldwork (conducted in Xinjiang from 2005 to 2017) to explore not only the securitizing
China’s ‘War on Terrorism’
  • M. Clarke
  • Political Science
    Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in China
  • 2018
China’s dilemmas with respect to Uyghur terrorism are increasingly transnational in nature, defined by the interpenetration of ‘internal’ and ‘external’ security issues and threats. The chapter
China and Counter-Terrorism
  • A. Small
  • Political Science
    Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in China
  • 2018
This chapter explores the factors that have shaped the operating environment of the “East Turkestan Islamic Movement” (ETIM) and “Turkestan Islamic Party” (TIP) and the broader strategic context in
‘Thoroughly reforming them towards a healthy heart attitude’: China’s political re-education campaign in Xinjiang
  • A. Zenz
  • Sociology
    Central Asian Survey
  • 2018
ABSTRACT Since spring 2017, the Xinjiang Uyghur Autonomous Region in China has witnessed the emergence of an unprecedented re-education campaign. According to media and informant reports, untold
The Impact of Ethnic Minorities on China’s Foreign Policy
This article argues, through a case study of the evolving impact of the Xinjiang and Uyghur issue, that the People’s Republic of China’s (PRC) ethnic minorities have been a significant factor in
China's Counterinsurgency Strategy in Tibet and Xinjiang
China's counterinsurgency strategy in Tibet and Xinjiang relies heavily on hard power and imposition. Well-functioning vertical coordination in the security sector of China's political system and
‘Fighting the Enemy with Fists and Daggers’
  • Julia Famularo
  • Political Science
    Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism in China
  • 2018
China’s counterterrorism policy in Xinjiang represents an evolving, complex, and controversial approach to managing ethno-religious tensions. Chinese Communist Party (CCP) General Secretary Xi
From domestic to international: the politics of ethnic identity in Xinjiang and Inner Mongolia
  • Enze Han
  • Political Science
    Nationalities Papers
  • 2011
This paper examines two contrasting cases of ethnic-group political activism in China – the Uighurs in Xinjiang and the Mongols in Inner Mongolia – to explain the former's political activism and the