Countering spectacles of fear: Anonymous’ meme ‘war’ against ISIS

@article{McCrowYoung2021CounteringSO,
  title={Countering spectacles of fear: Anonymous’ meme ‘war’ against ISIS},
  author={Ally McCrow-Young and Mette Mortensen},
  journal={European Journal of Cultural Studies},
  year={2021},
  volume={24},
  pages={832 - 849}
}
In recent years, the terrorist network Islamic State of Iraq and Syria has generated what might be referred to as a ‘spectacle of fear’ through strategic dissemination of execution videos and other graphic material. In response, social media users, activists and others circulate ‘counter-spectacles’, attempting to circumvent Islamic State of Iraq and Syria’s spectacle of fear. An important case in point is the global hacking network Anonymous declaring ‘war’ against Islamic State of Iraq and… 
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