Counterfactual Thinking, Blame Assignment, and Well-Being in Rape Victims

@article{Branscombe2003CounterfactualTB,
  title={Counterfactual Thinking, Blame Assignment, and Well-Being in Rape Victims},
  author={Nyla R. Branscombe and Michael J. A. Wohl and Susan Owen and Julie A. Allison and Ahogni N’Gbala},
  journal={Basic and Applied Social Psychology},
  year={2003},
  volume={25},
  pages={265 - 273}
}
Blame assignment and well-being among women who had been raped (N = 85) were investigated as a function of counterfactual thinking. The more upward counterfactuals (i.e., ways the rape might have been avoided) victims concurred with where some aspect of the self was mutated, the poorer their well-being. The effect of such upward counterfactual thinking on well-being was mediated by increases in self-blame. The amount of blame assigned to both the rapist and society did not mediate the effect of… 
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