Counterevidence of crime-reduction effects from federal grants of military equipment to local police.

  title={Counterevidence of crime-reduction effects from federal grants of military equipment to local police.},
  author={Anna Gunderson and Elisha Cohen and Kaylyn Jackson Schiff and Tom S Clark and Adam Glynn and Michael Leo Owens},
  journal={Nature human behaviour},
In 2017, the Trump Administration restored local law enforcement agencies' access to military weapons and some other types of surplus military equipment (SME) that had been prohibited by the Obama Administration. The Justice Department background paper used to justify this decision cited two papers published by the American Economic Association. These papers used SME data collected with a 2014 Freedom of Information Act request and concluded that SME, supplied to local law enforcement by the… 

Police demilitarization and violent crime.

It is shown that most variation in militarization comes from previously unobserved sources, which implies that studies that show crime-reduction benefits are unreliable and does not suggest that similar scale federal reforms designed to demilitarize police would have the downside risks proposed by proponents of military transfers.

Military Policing Exacerbates Crime and May Increase Human Rights Abuses: A Randomized Controlled Trial in Cali, Colombia

Governments across the developing world deploy their armed forces for domestic policing. Advocates of these policies tout their crime reduction effects, while detractors claim they undermine human

Re-evaluating police militarization.

Two new studies in the current issue of Nature Human Behaviour show in different ways how a main source of data used to study the consequences of militarization is coarse, faulty or incomplete and that once those issues are addressed, evidence for the purported benefits of crime reduction and officer safety largely vanish.

Protests and Police Militarization

What is the role of the militarization of law enforcement agencies in the U.S. in the 2020 wave of protests? This paper shows that aggregate transfers of military equipment up to 2019 increased both

No privacy, no peace: Urban surveillance and the movement for Black lives

ABSTRACT In mid-2020, the movement for Black liberation reached a new stage after the murder of George Floyd generated unprecedented urban protests against racial injustice. Two years on, these

Racial Prejudice Predicts Police Militarization.

In the United States, police are becoming increasingly militarized. Whereas the racialized nature of police militarization has been documented, the relationship between racial prejudice and police

“Global counterinsurgency and the police-military continuum: introduction to the special issue”

Abstract This introduction to the special issue ”Global Counterinsurgency and the Police-Military Continuum” examines the emergence of global counterinsurgency in the twentieth century and introduces



Peacekeeping Force: Effects of Providing Tactical Equipment to Local Law Enforcement

We provide the first local level empirical analysis of the causal effects of providing military equipment to local police. Employing a novel combination of publicly available county-year panel data

Police Officer on the Frontline or a Soldier? The Effect of Police Militarization on Crime

Sparked by high-profile confrontations between police and citizens in Ferguson, Missouri, and elsewhere, many commentators have criticized the excessive militarization of law enforcement. We

Militarization fails to enhance police safety or reduce crime but may harm police reputation

  • Jonathan Mummolo
  • Law, Political Science
    Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences
  • 2018
It is demonstrated that militarized policing fails to enhance officer safety or reduce local crime, and the results suggest that the often-cited trade-off between public safety and civil liberties is a false choice.

Public Safety, Private Harm: The Impact of Police Militarization on Mortality and Suicide

We quantify the impact of transferring productivity-enhancing military surplus equipment to law enforcement on suicide and mortality in the United States. Our strategy relies on federal budget

TRENDS: Police Militarization and the Use of Lethal Force

  • E. Lawson
  • Political Science
    Political Research Quarterly
  • 2018
In recent years, the killing of suspects by police and the “militarization” of police have drawn considerable public attention, but there is little analysis of a relationship between the two. In this

Militarization and police violence: The case of the 1033 program

Does increased militarization of law enforcement agencies (LEAs) lead to an increase in violent behavior among officers? We theorize that the receipt of military equipment increases multiple

The militarization of local law enforcement: is race a factor?

Recent events have placed a spotlight on the increasing militarization of local law enforcement. While ample anecdotal evidence suggests a link between race and the militarization of police,

Bringing War Home: Violent Crime, Police Killings and the Overmilitarization of the US Police

The withdrawal from the Afghan and Iraqi wars has led to the arrival of vast quantities of military equipment to the US. Much of this equipment, now unused by the military, has been redistributed to

The Thin (Red) Blue Line: Police Militarization and Violent Crime

Recent events such as the riots in Ferguson, Missouri, have highlighted the increased militarization of police forces in the United States. This paper utilizes a new dataset that covers all military

The Expansion and Normalization of Police Militarization in Canada

AbstractDespite extensive analysis of police militarization in the United States (US), the case in Canada has been overlooked. Building on Kraska’s (in Policing 1(4):501–513, 2007) framework of