Countercurrent exchange in the renal medulla.

@article{Cowley2003CountercurrentEI,
  title={Countercurrent exchange in the renal medulla.},
  author={Allen W. Cowley and Rodrigo Roman},
  journal={American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology},
  year={2003},
  volume={284 5},
  pages={R1151}
}
The microcirculation of the renal medulla traps NaCl and urea deposited to the interstitium by the loops of Henle and collecting ducts. Theories have predicted that countercurrent exchanger efficiency is favored by high permeability to solute. In contrast to the conceptualization of vasa recta as simple "U-tube" diffusive exchangers, many findings have revealed surprising complexity. Tubular-vascular relationships in the outer and inner medulla differ markedly. The wall structure and transport… CONTINUE READING