Could chest wall rigidity be a factor in rapid death from illicit fentanyl abuse?

@article{Burns2016CouldCW,
  title={Could chest wall rigidity be a factor in rapid death from illicit fentanyl abuse?},
  author={Glenn Burns and Rebecca T DeRienz and Daniel D. Baker and Marcel J. Casavant and Henry A. Spiller},
  journal={Clinical Toxicology},
  year={2016},
  volume={54},
  pages={420 - 423}
}
Abstract Background: There has been a significant spike in fentanyl-related deaths from illicit fentanyl supplied via the heroin trade. Past fentanyl access was primarily oral or dermal via prescription fentanyl patch diversion. One factor potentially driving this increase in fatalities is the change in route of administration. Rapid intravenous (IV) fentanyl can produce chest wall rigidity. We evaluated post-mortem fentanyl and norfentanyl concentrations in a recent surge of lethal fentanyl… 
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