Could Vaping be a New Weapon in the Battle of the Bulge?

@article{Glover2017CouldVB,
  title={Could Vaping be a New Weapon in the Battle of the Bulge?},
  author={Marewa Glover and Bernhard H Breier and Linda Bauld},
  journal={Nicotine \& Tobacco Research},
  year={2017},
  volume={19},
  pages={1536–1540}
}
Implications Obesity is set to overtake tobacco smoking in many countries as the primary cause of several high-cost diseases. Tobacco smoking mitigates weight gain through nicotine's effect on the brain and metabolism. Smoking, however, is associated with many illnesses and premature death and appropriately has been discouraged leading to declining prevalence rates. This article explores the emerging perception that vaping electronic cigarettes with nicotine and flavors could deliver similar… 
Vaping for weight control
TLDR
One in 16 English people who have smoked in the last year believe that vaping would prevent weight gain after stopping, and one in eight people who smoke would be tempted to quit smoking and use e-cigarettes.
Vaping for weight control: A cross-sectional population study in England
Should we encourage smokers with severe mental illness to switch to electronic cigarettes?
TLDR
E-cigarettes can also help people with SMIs to stop or substantially reduce their smoking without serious adverse effects, even in those not ready to quit (Sharma et al., 2016).
Do E‐cigarettes induce weight changes and increase cardiometabolic risk? A signal for the future
  • A. Verhaegen, L. V. Van Gaal
  • Medicine
    Obesity reviews : an official journal of the International Association for the Study of Obesity
  • 2017
The prevalence of non‐cigarette tobacco use in electronic cigarettes, also called vaping, is rapidly increasing, especially in adolescents and young adults, due to attractive marketing techniques
Cardiometabolic Morbidity and Mortality with Smoking Cessation, Review of Recommendations for People with Diabetes and Obesity
  • K. Kos
  • Medicine
    Current Diabetes Reports
  • 2020
TLDR
The recommendation for cessation of cigarette smoking is justified for those at high risk of weight gain and diabetes, however, for most benefit, consideration should be given for personalized weight management to limit weight gain.
The diverging trajectories of cannabis and tobacco policies in the United States: reasons and possible implications
TLDR
It is not clear that the prohibition of adult use has a useful role to play in the regulation of either cannabis or tobacco.
E-cigarette, Obesity and Bariatric Surgery: Guidelines for the Bariatric Societies
TLDR
E-cigarettes were the most commonly used tobacco product among the youth, with an evident increase of 900% among middle and high school students in the USA between 2007 and 2014 and currently more than 3.6 million youth are users.
Weight Status and Effects of Non-Tobacco Flavors on E-Cigarette Product Appeal
TLDR
Menthol flavors in e-cigarettes may be disproportionately appealing to young adults with overweight and obesity, and secondary data analyses of a laboratory experiment examined whether weight moderates differences in perceived appeal of fruit, menthol, and tobacco flavored e-cigarette in young adults who vape.
Electronic Cigarette Use and Metabolic Syndrome Development: A Critical Review
TLDR
E-cigarettes use does not affect the development of insulin resistance, but could influence the level of glucose and pre-diabetic state development, and in most cases, e-cigarette use increased the risk of developing abdominal obesity or higher arterial blood pressure.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 70 REFERENCES
Relationship between smoking and metabolic syndrome.
TLDR
The aim of this review is to critically evaluate how tobacco smoking and obesity interact to reduce life expectancy, and to offer a comprehensive view of this issue that should be useful for clinical practice.
Why public health people are more worried than excited over e-cigarettes
TLDR
It is questionable whether the potential health benefits obtained by some smokers outweigh the potential harm by use of non-smokers, of undermining of complete cessation, smokers’ dual use, and of eventual re-normalization of smoking.
Changes in breathomics from a 1‐year randomized smoking cessation trial of electronic cigarettes
TLDR
The aim of this study was to illustrate long‐term changes in exhaled breath measurements and respiratory symptoms in smokers invited to quit or reduce their cigarette consumption by switching to ECs.
Evaluation of Post Cessation Weight Gain in a 1-Year Randomized Smoking Cessation Trial of Electronic Cigarettes
TLDR
Smokers who quit smoking by switching to ECs may limit their post-cessation weight gain, with substantial reversal in weight gain being manifest at late time points.
Weight gain after smoking cessation.
TLDR
This review briefly addresses some issues on the relationship between smoking cessation and weight gain, with regard to the size of the problem, mechanisms, health risks and control strategies.
Potentiating effects of cigarette smoking and moderate exercise on the thermic effect of a meal.
TLDR
The thermic effect of smoking and exercise were similar in the fasted state, but were substantially different postprandially, and moderate post prandial exercise appears to offer a substantial weight-controlling advantage when compared with fasted exercise.
...
...