Costs of reproduction as related to the timing of phenological phases in the dioecious Shrub Pistacia lentiscus L.

Abstract

Females of woody dioecious species usually devote more resources to reproduction than males. This may lead to a decrease in female survival and growth. The costs of reproduction, however, can be lightened through a number of mechanisms, as for example avoiding the temporal coincidence of reproduction and vegetative growth. The aim of this study was to… (More)

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