Costs and Benefits of Female Mate Choice: Is There a Lek Paradox?

@article{Reynolds1990CostsAB,
  title={Costs and Benefits of Female Mate Choice: Is There a Lek Paradox?},
  author={John D. Reynolds and Mart R. Gross},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={1990},
  volume={136},
  pages={230 - 243}
}
Mate choice in noneconomic mating systems has been considered paradoxical because, relative to economic systems, females were thought to have "highly developed" preferences, despite males' having little to offer. Efforts to resolve this paradox have generally searched for genetic benefits of choice through either "good genes" or "runaway" coevolution. In this paper, we emphasize natural selection acting directly on females and their offspring. We argue that, although females are expected to pay… 
Mate choice for offspring performance: major benefits or minor costs?
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The costs of any additional choice may be so minor that female choice for honestly signalling males may evolve even with minute benefits in offspring viability, which may be the general solution to the lek paradox, as most studies report no apparent fitness benefits.
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  • M. Servedio
  • Biology
    Evolution; international journal of organic evolution
  • 2007
TLDR
This work addresses whether male mate choice is likely to evolve as a mechanism of premating isolation leading to species recognition, driven by the process of reinforcement, and demonstrates that although under many conditions stronger premates isolation evolves under female mate choice, reinforcement may indeed occur via male matechoice alone.
Mate choice for non-additive genetic benefits: a resolution to the lek paradox.
Direct selection on mate choice: female redlip blennies pay more for better mates
TLDR
It was found that long-distance trips by females were made primarily toward larger males, and the extra distance traveled beyond the nearest male was correlated with the improvement in size of male obtained.
The evolutionary origins and consequences of variation in female mate choice preferences
TLDR
It is found that intrasexual competition leads to direct selection against female preferences, and restricts the parameter space under which preference may evolve, and that multiple preferences primarily serve to increase competitive costs and decrease the range of parameters under which preferences may evolve.
Male mate choice, sexual conflict and strategic allocation of copulations in a lekking bird
TLDR
It is concluded that choosiness may sometimes pay for popular males in those lekking species where females copulate repeatedly, and evolutionary conflicts of interest between individuals may cause a richer repertoire of behavioural adaptations than, to the authors' knowledge, hitherto realized.
Females lay fewer eggs for males with greater courtship success in a lekking Drosophila
TLDR
Females of a lekking Hawaiian Drosophila demonstrated considerable variation in mating behaviour and behavioural variation was correlated with mating benefits, and matings involving more vigorously courting males resulted in fewer offspring being produced.
Incidental Sanctions and the Evolution of Direct Benefits
TLDR
It is argued that conditional female reproductive tactics may also favor reliable signaling of benefit quality, which may play an important role in determining whether females incur costs or receive benefits from their mates.
High Costs of Female Choice in a Lekking Lizard
TLDR
It is reported that females can incur high energetic costs as a result of discriminating among potential mates, and the benefits that lek-mating females gain through mating with a preferred male may be higher than previously predicted.
MUTUAL MATE CHOICE AND SEX DIFFERENCES IN CHOOSINESS
TLDR
An ESS model of mutual mate choice is presented, which explicitly incorporates differences between males and females in life history traits that determine the costs and benefits of choice, and demonstrates that sex differences in costs of choice are likely to have a much stronger effect on choosiness than are differences in quality variation.
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