Costs , benefits , and loss of vertically transmitted symbionts affect host population dynamics

@inproceedings{Yule2013CostsB,
  title={Costs , benefits , and loss of vertically transmitted symbionts affect host population dynamics},
  author={Kelsey M Yule and Tom E. X. Miller and Jennifer A. Rudgers},
  year={2013}
}
The costs and benefits of symbiotic interactions may vary with host and symbiont ontogeny. Effects of symbionts at different stages of host development or on different host demographic rates do not contribute equally to fitness. Although rarely applied, a population dynamics approach that integrates over the host life cycle is therefore necessary for capturing the net costs or benefits and, thus, the mutualistic or parasitic nature of symbioses. Using the native, disturbance-specialist grass… CONTINUE READING