Cost-effective management of gynecomastia.


BACKGROUND Routine endocrine screening of idiopathic gynecomastia has been advocated, but may not be cost effective. We carried out a cost-benefit analysis of this approach. METHODS A retrospective study (1992 to 1997) of 87 adult males with symptomatic gynecomastia was performed. RESULTS Thirty-four (39%) patients had extrinsic causes; 53 (61%) were… (More)