Cosmology and Civilizations

@article{Kardashev1997CosmologyAC,
  title={Cosmology and Civilizations},
  author={N. Kardashev},
  journal={Astrophysics and Space Science},
  year={1997},
  volume={252},
  pages={25-40}
}
  • N. Kardashev
  • Published 1997
  • Physics
  • Astrophysics and Space Science
The available observational date and cosmological models indicate the possible existence of supercivilizations with ages of technological development 6-8 gigayears larger than on the Earth. The probability of their detection is probably conne with observations at wavelengths from 3 mcm to 3 mm, and also with the solution of the hidden mass problem and searches for multiconnection of the Universe.