Cosmological Signature of the Standard Model Higgs Vacuum Instability: Primordial Black Holes as Dark Matter.

  title={Cosmological Signature of the Standard Model Higgs Vacuum Instability: Primordial Black Holes as Dark Matter.},
  author={J. R. Espinosa and D Racco and Antonio Walter Riotto},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  volume={120 12},
For the current central values of the Higgs boson and top quark masses, the standard model Higgs potential develops an instability at a scale of the order of 10^{11}  GeV. We show that a cosmological signature of such instability could be dark matter in the form of primordial black holes seeded by Higgs fluctuations during inflation. The existence of dark matter might not require physics beyond the standard model. 

Figures from this paper

Higgs Cosmology and Dark Matter
  • I. Moss, R. Gregory
  • Physics
    Proceedings of 2nd World Summit: Exploring the Dark Side of the Universe — PoS(EDSU2018)
  • 2018
Higgs vacuum stability has important consequences for cosmology. In particular, we argue that if the Higgs vacuum is metastable, then the dark matter cannot contain a single black hole of mass less
Primordial black holes and secondary gravitational waves from the Higgs field
We devise a novel mechanism and for the first time illustrate that the Higgs model in particle physics can drive the inflation to satisfy cosmic microwave background observations and simultaneously
On the Cosmological Stability of the Higgs Instability
The Standard Model Higgs potential becomes unstable at large Higgs field values where its quartic coupling becomes negative. While the tunneling lifetime of our current electroweak vacuum is
Primordial black holes from Higgs vacuum instability: avoiding fine-tuning through an ultraviolet safe mechanism
It is shown how fine-tuning can be naturally avoided by coupling the Higgs to a very heavy scalar with mass that stabilises the potential in the deep ultraviolet, but preserving the basic feature of the mechanism which is built within the Standard Model.
Implications of the detection of primordial gravitational waves for the Standard Model
The detection of primordial gravitational waves would not only have extraordinary implications for our understanding of early cosmology, but would also give non-trivial constraints on Standard Model
Cosmological Aspects of Higgs Vacuum Metastability
The current central experimental values of the parameters of the Standard Model give rise to a striking conclusion: metastability of the electroweak vacuum is favoured over absolute stability. A
Primordial black holes as dark matter through Higgs field criticality
We study the dynamics of a spectator Higgs field which stochastically evolves during inflation onto near-critical trajectories on the edge of a runaway instability. We show that its fluctuations do
A cosmological signature of the SM Higgs instability: gravitational waves
A fundamental property of the Standard Model is that the Higgs potential becomes unstable at large values of the Higgs field. For the current central values of the Higgs and top masses, the
The Higgs Field and Early Universe Cosmology: A (Brief) Review
We review and discuss recent work exploring the implications of the Higgs field for early universe cosmology, and vice versa. Depending on the model under consideration, the Higgs may be one of a few
Connecting the Higgs potential and primordial black holes
It was recently demonstrated that small black holes can act as seeds for nucleating decay of the metastable Higgs vacuum, dramatically increasing the tunneling probability. Any primordial black hole


The cosmological Higgstory of the vacuum instability
A bstractThe Standard Model Higgs potential becomes unstable at large field values. After clarifying the issue of gauge dependence of the effective potential, we study the cosmological evolution of
Cosmological implications of the Higgs mass measurement
We assume the validity of the Standard Model up to an arbitrary high-energy scale and discuss what information on the early stages of the Universe can be extracted from a measurement of the Higgs
Early Universe Higgs dynamics in the presence of the Higgs-inflaton and non-minimal Higgs-gravity couplings
Apparent metastability of the electroweak vacuum poses a number of cosmological questions. These concern evolution of the Higgs field to the current vacuum, and its stability during and after
Spacetime dynamics of a Higgs vacuum instability during inflation
A remarkable prediction of the Standard Model is that, in the absence of corrections lifting the energy density, the Higgs potential becomes negative at large field values. If the Higgs field samples
Stability of the Electroweak Vacuum: Gauge Independence and Advanced Precision.
An upper bound on the pole mass of the top quark is derived by requiring that the standard model be stable all the way up to the Planck mass scale and conservatively estimate the theoretical uncertainty.
Higgs mass and vacuum stability in the Standard Model at NNLO
A bstractWe present the first complete next-to-next-to-leading order analysis of the Standard Model Higgs potential. We computed the two-loop QCD and Yukawa corrections to the relation between the
(Higgs) vacuum decay during inflation
A bstractWe develop the formalism for computing gravitational corrections to vacuum decay from de Sitter space as a sub-Planckian perturbative expansion. Non-minimal coupling to gravity can be
Can the electroweak vacuum be unstable?
  • Arnold
  • Physics
    Physical review. D, Particles and fields
  • 1989
The electroweak vacuum need not be absolutely stable. For certain top-quarkand Higgs-boson masses in the minimal standard model, our vacuum is insteadmetastable with a lifetime exceeding the present