Cosmic rays: are air crew at risk?

  title={Cosmic rays: are air crew at risk?},
  author={Meng Kin Lim},
  journal={Occupational and Environmental Medicine},
  pages={428 - 432}
  • M. Lim
  • Published 1 July 2002
  • Medicine
  • Occupational and Environmental Medicine
This article reviews the current knowledge about cosmic rays and their possible effects on health of air crew, discusses research directions necessary for establishing and measuring the risks, and highlights the need for physicians and air crew to be informed, despite the inconclusiveness of the evidence. A literature review of computerised medical and scientific databases was carried out. Recent reports highlighting increased incidence of cancer among airline pilots and cabin crew have renewed… 
Cosmic Radiation Exposure and Cancer Risk Among Flight Crew
To respond responsibly to the real and perceived risks associated with flying, more extensive data are needed, but special efforts should be considered to ensure new projects can genuinely add to the current knowledge.
Occupational cosmic radiation exposure in Portuguese airline pilots: study of a possible correlation with oxidative biological markers
While hemoglobin levels seem to be comparable between the studied groups, they were directly correlated with ferritin values, which were lower for the airline pilots, and no distinctions could be made among the medium- and the long-haul pilots.
Literature Review on Cosmic Radiation Exposure to Air Craft Cabin Crew
  • Jang Ryeo-Jin
  • Physics
    Journal of Radiological Science and Technology
  • 2018
Recently, together with advancement of domestic aviation industry, overseas tourists using planes have been soared. This study aimed to investigate the risk of diseases for the passengers and flight
Ionizing radiation and life.
A review of the role of CR and mineral radioactivity in star formation, generation of biogenic elements, and the synthesis of organic molecules and driving of prebiotic chemistry highlights the common thread that ionizing radiation forms between the disparate component disciplines of astrobiology.
Radiological risk assessment of cosmic radiation at aviation altitudes (a trip from Houston Intercontinental Airport to Lagos International Airport)
  • P. Enyinna
  • Environmental Science
    Journal of medical physics
  • 2016
Radiological risk parameters associated with aircrew members traveling from Houston Intercontinental Airport to Lagos International Airport have been computed using computer software called EPCARD
X-ray astronomy.
Cancer incidence in professional flight crew and air traffic control officers: Disentangling the effect of occupational versus lifestyle exposures
The authors identified skin that burns easily when exposed to sunlight and sunbathing to get a tan as the strongest risk predictors of skin melanoma in both occupations and argued against risks among flight crew being driven by occupation‐specific exposures.
A method assisted by Monte Carlo simulations that improves the calibration of fast neutron dosimeters based on moderation and thermalization of the incident fast flux and the measurement of the thermal flux by a sensor, which respond mainly to thermal neutrons, is presented in this work.
Estimates of cosmic radiation dose received by aircrew of DCTA's flight test special group
An estimate of typical doses received by crews of the Flight Test Special Group of DCTA (GEEV) from July 2007 to November 2009 is given.


Galactic cosmic radiation exposure of pregnant flight crewmembers.
The assumption of considerable shielding of the conceptus being provided by the woman's body is not correct with respect to galactic cosmic radiation, the principal type of radiation to which aircrews are exposed.
Epidemiologic Studies Of Pilots And Aircrew
Because there are so few populations exposed to neutrons, studies of airline personnel are of particular interest, but because the cumulative radiation exposure is so low, statistical power is a major concern.
Galactic cosmic radiation exposure and associated health risks for air carrier crewmembers.
Some of the characteristics of galactic and solar cosmic radiation were reviewed and example calculations for estimating radiation-induced risks of fatal cancer, genetic defects and harm to an embryo or fetus were provided.
Biodosimetry results from space flight Mir-18.
A study on the cytogenetic effects of space radiation in human lymphocytes was proposed and conducted for Mir-18, a 115-day mission and showed that the frequency of chromosomal aberrations increased significantly in postflight samples compared to samples drawn prior to flight.
Cosmic radiation effects on avionics
Exposure to cosmic radiation of British Airways flying crew on ultralonghaul routes.
British Airways has carried out radiation monitoring in Concorde for more than 20 years and a heuristic model based on data quoted by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration to model radiation exposure in all longhaul fleets indicates that it is unlikely that any of the cabin crew based in Tokyo exceeded the 6 mSv/y level.
Radiation protection concepts and quantities for the occupational exposure to cosmic radiation.
  • D. Bartlett
  • Physics, Medicine
    Radiation protection dosimetry
  • 1999
Dose assessment is anticipated to be by folding staff roster information with estimates of route doses, since there is little variability of dose rate within an aircraft, and requirements as to the accuracy of dose assessment should be applied.
Radiation exposure during air travel: guidance provided by the Federal Aviation Administration for air carrier crews.
Estimates of effective doses received by air travelers on a wide variety of air carrier flights are given, showing how galactic radiation levels and the composition of the galactic radiation has changed since 1958.
The cosmic radiation environment at air carrier flight altitudes is described and estimates given of the amounts of galactic cosmic radiation received on a wide variety of routes to and from and