Cosmetic dermatitis – current perspectives

@article{Mehta2003CosmeticD,
  title={Cosmetic dermatitis – current perspectives},
  author={Surjit Singh Mehta and Belum Siva Nagi Reddy},
  journal={International Journal of Dermatology},
  year={2003},
  volume={42}
}
Background Increasing use of cosmetics by modern society has contributed alarming to an rise in the incidence of cosmetic dermatitis (CD). The causative agents are skin, hair, nail and eye cosmetics. Reported cases of cosmetic dermatitis represent only the tip of the iceberg, as most patients who experience an adverse reaction to cosmetics do not consult a physician but discontinue using the suspected items. 

Allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics.

Patch testing in patients with suspected cosmetic dermatitis: A retrospective study

Patch testing helps to confirm allergy to cosmetics and pinpoint the exact offending allergens.

Patch test results in patients with scalp dermatitis: analysis of data of the Information Network of Departments of Dermatology *

Background:  Contact dermatitis of the scalp may develop primarily due to exposure to cosmetic products or secondarily due to application of topical medicaments on affected skin.

Skin diseases associated with the cosmetics use

Clinical symptoms and pathogenesis of this reactions as well as factors predisposing to their development are discussed and the examples of cosmetics ingredients which usually cause these type of reactions are presented.

Frequency of dermatoses associated with cosmetics

Melasma, contact dermatitis to other products, and acne were the conditions that users associated more often to cosmetics, while the true adverse reaction to cosmetics was not very common.

Evaluation of Cosmetic Dermatitis in the Rohilkhand Region.

Cosmetics causing dermatitis is more common in female as compare to male, and patch test is done female are more adverse reaction than male.

Patch Testing in Suspected Allergic Contact Dermatitis to Cosmetics

Patch testing in suspected allergic contact dermatitis to cosmetics identified the most common allergen and cosmetic product causing dermatitis, and the principal allergens were gallate mix, cetrimide, and thiomersal.

Contact Allergies to Cosmetics: Testing with 52 Cosmetic Ingredients and Personal Products

Patch testing of patients with cosmetic dermatitis revealed that, out of the 50 subjects tested, thirty‐three (66%) reacted to one or more allergens, and Fragrance components were the most common offending allergen.

References

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The text is well-referenced and contains a more comprehensive discussion of the formulation and individual ingredient cutaneous reactions due to cosmetics than Fisher's standard text ( Contact Dermatitis).

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The results showed that coal tar dyes, particularly brilliant lake red R, were closely related to the cause of the disease.
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