Cortisol and post-traumatic stress disorder in adults: systematic review and meta-analysis.


BACKGROUND Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) has inconsistently been associated with lower levels of cortisol. AIMS To compare basal cortisol levels in adults with current PTSD and in people without psychiatric disorder. METHOD Systematic review and meta-analysis. Standardised mean differences (SMD) in basal cortisol levels were calculated and… (More)


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