Cortex special issue: Language and the motor system

@article{Cappa2012CortexSI,
  title={Cortex special issue: Language and the motor system},
  author={Stefano F. Cappa and Friedemann Pulverm{\"u}ller},
  journal={Cortex},
  year={2012},
  volume={48},
  pages={785-787}
}
To propose a relationship between language and the motor system is certainly not a novel idea. Theories about the gestural origin of language can be traced back to the writings of Vico and Condillac in the eighteenth century (Gentilucci and Corballis, 2006), and the philosopher Ludwig Wittgenstein famously emphasized that language is “woven” into action (Wittgenstein, 1953). The interest in language-action relationships has been increasing over the recent years in light of a number of important… Expand
On the cerebellum and language: neurostimulation and imaging studies
Mounting evidence suggests a cerebellar role in language, but to date few efforts have been made to characterise this role. A well-accepted model of cerebellar function in motor control posits thatExpand
Neural reuse of action perception circuits for language, concepts and communication
TLDR
A review of experimental data evaluates predictions of the APC model and alternative theories, also providing detailed discussion of some seemingly contradictory findings. Expand
Varieties of abstract concepts: development, use and representation in the brain
TLDR
The theme issue provides an integrated theoretical account that highlights the importance of language, sociality and inner processes for abstract concepts, and that offers new methodological tools to investigate them. Expand
From sensorimotor learning to memory cells in prefrontal and temporal association cortex: A neurocomputational study of disembodiment
TLDR
Memory disembodiment is explained neuromechanistically by APC formation and structural neuroanatomical features of the model networks, especially the central role of multimodal prefrontal and temporal cortices in bridging between sensory and motor areas. Expand
Exploring the Neural Representation of Novel Words Learned through Enactment in a Word Recognition Task
TLDR
This work explores how enacted words are functionally represented in the brain and which brain regions contribute to enhance retention and suggests the participation of different and partially intertwined networks that are engaged in higher cognitive processes, i.e., enhanced attention and word recognition. Expand
Brain and behavioral correlates of action semantic deficits in autism
TLDR
Major correlations between word-induced activation of the motor system and a newly discovered semantic deficit in a condition known to be characterized by motor impairments, along with the correlation of such activation with general autistic traits, confirm critical predictions of causal theories linking cognitive and semantic deficits in ASC to dysfunctional action-perception circuits and resultant reduction of motor system activation. Expand
To appear on the International Encyclopedia on Social and Behavioral Neuroscience, 2 nd . edition(editor
Embodied cognition (EC) views propose that cognition is shaped by the kind of body organisms possess. We overview recent literature on EC, highlighting the differences between stronger and weakerExpand
The Cross-Domain Priming of Language and Motor Rate
TLDR
A significant interaction of Gender and Rate was found, such that females were influenced by the rate of the prime in the expected direction, while males were influenced in the opposite direction. Expand
The role of the motor system in action naming in patients with neurodegenerative extrapyramidal syndromes
TLDR
It is suggested that language ability assessments are useful in the clinical work-up, along with neuropsychological and motor evaluations, and the link between language deficits and motor impairment opens a new issue for treatment approaches. Expand
Reduced functional integration of the sensorimotor and language network in rolandic epilepsy☆
TLDR
reduced functional connectivity was demonstrated between the sensorimotor network and the left inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area) in children with RE, which might link epileptiform activity/seizures originating from the sensorIMotor cortex to language impairment, and is in line with the identified neuropsychological profile of anterior language dysfunction. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 20 REFERENCES
A neuronal model of the language cortex
TLDR
A brain-inspired model of the language cortex was modelled and the network consisted of neuron-like elements (graded-response units) and mimicked the neuroanatomical areas in the perisylvian language cortex and the intrinsic and mutual connections within and between them. Expand
Somatotopic Representation of Action Words in Human Motor and Premotor Cortex
TLDR
It is demonstrated that the referential meaning of action words has a correlate in the somatotopic activation of motor and premotor cortex, which rules out a unified "meaning center" in the human brain and supports a dynamic view according to which words are processed by distributed neuronal assemblies with cortical topographies that reflect word semantics. Expand
The functional role of the parieto-frontal mirror circuit: interpretations and misinterpretations
TLDR
It is concluded that, although there are several mechanisms through which one can understand the behaviour of other individuals, the parieto-frontal mechanism is the only one that allows an individual to understand the action of others 'from the inside' and gives the observer a first-person grasp of the motor goals and intentions of other Individuals. Expand
Brain regions with mirror properties: A meta-analysis of 125 human fMRI studies
TLDR
A core network of human brain regions that possess mirror properties associated with action observation and execution are suggested, with additional areas recruited during tasks that engage non-motor functions, such as auditory, somatosensory and affective components. Expand
Language, tools and brain: The ontogeny and phylogeny of hierarchically organized sequential behavior.
TLDR
An evolutionary homologue of the neural substrate for language production and manual action is hypothesized to have provided afoundation for the evolution of language before the divergence of the horninids and the great apes. Expand
Towards a new functional anatomy of language
TLDR
Some of the central issues that motivate why a new functional anatomy of language is necessary are summarized, in the context of introducing a collection of articles that describe systematic new attempts at specifying the newfunctional anatomy. Expand
Brain embodiment of syntax and grammar: Discrete combinatorial mechanisms spelt out in neuronal circuits
TLDR
Neuroscience and neurocomputational research offering perspectives on understanding abstract linguistic mechanisms in terms of neuronal circuits and their interactions therefore point programmatic new ways to future theory-guided experimental investigation of the brain basis of grammar. Expand
Motor cortex maps articulatory features of speech sounds
TLDR
Sound-related somatotopic activation in precentral gyrus shows that, during speech perception, specific motor circuits are recruited that reflect phonetic distinctive features of the speech sounds encountered, thus providing direct neuroimaging support for specific links between the phonological mechanisms for speech perception and production. Expand
Listening to Action-related Sentences Activates Fronto-parietal Motor Circuits
TLDR
The results showed that listening to action-related sentences activates a left fronto-parieto-temporal network that includes the pars opercularis of the inferior frontal gyrus (Broca's area), as well as the inferior parietal lobule, the intraparietal sulcus, and the posterior middle temporal gyrus. Expand
Active perception: sensorimotor circuits as a cortical basis for language
TLDR
Data show that language comprehension benefits from frontocentral action systems, indicating that action and perception circuits are interdependent. Expand
...
1
2
...