Corrupt Organizations or Organizations of Corrupt Individuals? Two Types of Organization-Level Corruption

@article{Pinto2008CorruptOO,
  title={Corrupt Organizations or Organizations of Corrupt Individuals? Two Types of Organization-Level Corruption},
  author={Jonathan Pinto and Carrie R. Leana and Frits K. Pil},
  journal={Academy of Management Review},
  year={2008},
  volume={33},
  pages={685-709}
}
We focus on two fundamental dimensions of corruption in organizations: (1) whether the individual or the organization is the beneficiary of the corrupt activity and (2) whether the corrupt behavior is undertaken by an individual actor or by two or more actors. We use these dimensions to define a new conceptualization of corruption at the organization level: the organization of corrupt individuals. We contrast this conceptualization with the prevailing concept of organizational corruption and… 

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