Correlates of appearance and weight satisfaction in a U.S. National Sample: Personality, attachment style, television viewing, self-esteem, and life satisfaction.

@article{Frederick2016CorrelatesOA,
  title={Correlates of appearance and weight satisfaction in a U.S. National Sample: Personality, attachment style, television viewing, self-esteem, and life satisfaction.},
  author={David A. Frederick and Gaganjyot Sandhu and Patrick J. Morse and Viren Swami},
  journal={Body image},
  year={2016},
  volume={17},
  pages={
          191-203
        }
}
We examined the prevalence and correlates of satisfaction with appearance and weight. Participants (N=12,176) completed an online survey posted on the NBCNews.com and Today.com websites. Few men and women were very to extremely dissatisfied with their physical appearances (6%; 9%), but feeling very to extremely dissatisfied with weight was more common (15%; 20%). Only about one-fourth of men and women felt very to extremely satisfied with their appearances (28%; 26%) and weights (24%; 20%). Men… Expand
The Happy American Body 2.0: Predictors of affective body satisfaction in two U.S. national internet panel surveys.
TLDR
This study used two Internet panel surveys of U.S. adults to examine feelings about appearance and weight, appearance, body, and muscle size/tone and found many men and women were somewhat-to-very satisfied with their appearance. Expand
Body image and face image in Asian American and white women: Examining associations with surveillance, construal of self, perfectionism, and sociocultural pressures.
TLDR
Asian American women experience sociocultural pressures that could place them at increased risk for experiencing body and face dissatisfaction, and are more likely than White women to report low appearance evaluation and sometimes-always dissatisfied with the appearance of their eyes. Expand
Personality and the Social Experience of Body Weight.
TLDR
The present research indicates that in addition to measured weight and body image, personality traits are associated with the social experience of body weight. Expand
Associations Between Weight Dissatisfaction, Fruit and Vegetable Intake, Physical Activity and Personality Traits
Background: Weight dissatisfaction is a persons’ desire to change his/her current body weight (1, 2). Gender differences in weight dissatisfaction in young adults have been observed, where femalesExpand
The Role of Body Image in the Prediction of Life Satisfaction and Flourishing in Men and Women
Body dissatisfaction and appreciation are associated with personality factors and health outcomes in men and women. However, given that personality traits are well-established predictors ofExpand
Sexual Practices and Satisfaction among Gay and Heterosexual Men in Romantic Relationships: A Comparison Using Coarsened Exact Matching in a U.S. National Sample
TLDR
The majority of heterosexual and gay men expressed physical or emotional affection during their last sexual encounter, and number of sexual communication behaviors was a strong predictor of sexual satisfaction, particularly for gay men. Expand
Personality and body dissatisfaction: An updated systematic review with meta-analysis.
TLDR
Findings show that higher levels of neuroticism, and lower levels of extraversion and conscientiousness, are associated with a greater risk of body dissatisfaction in men and women irrespective of actual body weight. Expand
Personality and body image: A systematic review.
TLDR
Evidence for personality as a correlate of body image indicated that negative body image was associated with higher levels of Neuroticism and lower levels of Extraversion and Conscientiousness, while sex moderation effects for Extraversion, Openness, and Cons conscientiousness were indeterminate. Expand
The Breast Size Satisfaction Survey (BSSS): Breast size dissatisfaction and its antecedents and outcomes in women from 40 nations.
TLDR
The results of multilevel modelling showed that breast size dissatisfaction is a global public health concern linked to women's psychological and physical well-being. Expand
Examining the associations between the Big Five personality traits and body self-conscious emotions.
TLDR
Investigating the relationships between the Big Five personality traits and body-related self-conscious emotions in a sex-balanced sample of Spanish undergraduates found young adults possessing greater than ideally assumed body weight, high levels of neuroticism, and low levels of extraversion, conscientiousness, and openness may be especially vulnerable to body-image disturbances. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 136 REFERENCES
Body image and face image in Asian American and white women: Examining associations with surveillance, construal of self, perfectionism, and sociocultural pressures.
TLDR
Asian American women experience sociocultural pressures that could place them at increased risk for experiencing body and face dissatisfaction, and are more likely than White women to report low appearance evaluation and sometimes-always dissatisfied with the appearance of their eyes. Expand
Physical and psychological correlates of appearance orientation
Abstract Objectification theory posits that the sexualization of women in our culture socializes them to ‘self-objectify’ — that is, to place considerable emphasis on their appearance and to haveExpand
What Keeps Passion Alive? Sexual Satisfaction Is Associated With Sexual Communication, Mood Setting, Sexual Variety, Oral Sex, Orgasm, and Sex Frequency in a National U.S. Study
TLDR
Sexual satisfaction and maintenance of passion were higher among people who had sex most frequently, received more oral sex, had more consistent orgasms, and incorporated more variety of sexual acts, mood setting, and sexual communication. Expand
Five-Factor Model Personality Traits and the Objective and Subjective Experience of Body Weight.
TLDR
Neuroticism among women and Extraversion among men were associated with higher adiposity, and Neuroticism was also associated with misperceived heavier weight, whereas Extraversion was associated withMisperceived taller and leaner. Expand
Associations Between Women’s Body Image and Happiness: Results of the YouBeauty.com Body Image Survey (YBIS)
Abstract Studies that have examined associations between body image and well-being have used limited measures of the former or have utilised small convenience samples. Here, we report on data fromExpand
Factor Structure and Validity of the Body Parts Satisfaction Scale: Results from the 1972 Psychology Today Survey
In 1972, the first major national study on body image was conducted under the auspices of Psychology Today. Body image was assessed with the Body Parts Satisfaction Scale, which examined theExpand
Body dissatisfaction assessed by the Photographic Figure Rating Scale is associated with sociocultural, personality, and media influences.
TLDR
Investigation of a new measure of body dissatisfaction, namely the Photographic Figure Rating Scale (PFRS), in relation to media influence, celebrity worship, the Big Five personality factors, and respondent weight status showed that body dissatisfaction was most strongly predicted by two of the SATAQ-3 subscales and participant body mass index. Expand
Show me your friends, and I shall show you who you are: the way attachment and social comparisons influence body dissatisfaction.
TLDR
Hierarchical Linear Models reveal that anxious-ambivalent, but not avoidant attachment style, along with indirect and direct comparisons to best friend and to sister influence drive for thinness and body dissatisfaction, even after controlling for BMI and age. Expand
The interplay of personality and negative comments about appearance in predicting body image.
TLDR
The findings demonstrate the importance of differentiating between the frequency and the emotional impact of teasing as well as including personality traits when studying body image. Expand
Body Image and Body Type Preferences in St. Kitts, Caribbean: A Cross-Cultural Comparison with U.S. Samples regarding Attitudes towards Muscularity, Body Fat, and Breast Size
  • P. Gray, D. Frederick
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Evolutionary psychology : an international journal of evolutionary approaches to psychology and behavior
  • 2012
TLDR
There were only modest differences in body type preferences between St Kitts and the Internet sample, with the St. Kitts participants being somewhat more likely to value heavier women and participants in the U.S. samples being less likely to idealize smaller breasts. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...