Correlates, Causes, Effects, and Treatment of Test Anxiety

  title={Correlates, Causes, Effects, and Treatment of Test Anxiety},
  author={R. Hembree},
  journal={Review of Educational Research},
  pages={47 - 77}
  • R. Hembree
  • Published 1988
  • Psychology
  • Review of Educational Research
Results of 562 studies were integrated by meta-analysis to show the nature, effects, and treatment of academic test anxiety. Effect sizes were computed through the method invented by Glass (Glass, McGaw, & Smith, 1981). Correlations and effect-size groups were tested for consistency and significance with inferential statistics by Hedges and Olkin (1985). Test anxiety (TA) causes poor performance. It relates inversely to students’ self-esteem and directly to their fears of negative evaluation… Expand
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  • Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum
  • 1960