Correcting a metacognitive error: feedback increases retention of low-confidence correct responses.

  title={Correcting a metacognitive error: feedback increases retention of low-confidence correct responses.},
  author={Andrew C. Butler and Jeffrey D. Karpicke and Henry L. Roediger},
  journal={Journal of experimental psychology. Learning, memory, and cognition},
  volume={34 4},
Previous studies investigating posttest feedback have generally conceptualized feedback as a method for correcting erroneous responses, giving virtually no consideration to how feedback might promote learning of correct responses. Here, the authors show that when correct responses are made with low confidence, feedback serves to correct this initial metacognitive error, enhancing retention of low-confidence correct responses. In 2 experiments, subjects took an initial multiple-choice test on… 

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