Core threshold temperatures for sweating.

Abstract

To detect shifts in the threshold core temperature (Tc) for sweating caused by particular nonthermal stresses, it is necessary to stabilize or standardize all other environmental and physiological variables which cause such shifts. It is, however, difficult to cause progressive changes in Tc without also causing changes in skin temperature (Tsk). This study compares the technique of body warming by immersion in water at 40 degrees C, and subsequent body cooling in water at 28 degrees C, to determine the core threshold for sweating, with one by which Tc was raised by cycling exercise in air at 20 degrees C, and then lowered by immersion in water at 28 degrees C. The first of these procedures involved considerable shifts in Tsk upon immersion in water at 40 degrees C, and again upon transfer to water at 28 degrees C; the second procedure caused only small changes in Tsk. The onset of sweating at a lower esophageal temperature (Tes) during immersion in water at 40 degrees C (36.9 +/- 0.1 degrees C) than during exercise (37.4 +/- 0.3 degree C) is attributed to the high Tsk since Tes was then unchanged. Likewise, the rapid decline in the sweat rate during immersion at 28 degrees C had the same time course to extinction after the pretreatments. This related more to the Tsk, which was common, than to the levels or rates of change of Tes, which both differed between techniques. Tes fell most rapidly, and thus sweating was extinguished at a lower Tes, following 40 degrees C immersion than following exercise.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

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@article{Mekjavic1989CoreTT, title={Core threshold temperatures for sweating.}, author={Igor Mekjavic and John Bligh}, journal={Canadian journal of physiology and pharmacology}, year={1989}, volume={67 9}, pages={1038-44} }