Core affect, prototypical emotional episodes, and other things called emotion: dissecting the elephant.

@article{Russell1999CoreAP,
  title={Core affect, prototypical emotional episodes, and other things called emotion: dissecting the elephant.},
  author={James A. Russell and Lisa Feldman Barrett},
  journal={Journal of personality and social psychology},
  year={1999},
  volume={76 5},
  pages={
          805-19
        }
}
What is the structure of emotion? Emotion is too broad a class of events to be a single scientific category, and no one structure suffices. As an illustration, core affect is distinguished from prototypical emotional episode. Core affect refers to consciously accessible elemental processes of pleasure and activation, has many causes, and is always present. Its structure involves two bipolar dimensions. Prototypical emotional episode refers to a complex process that unfolds over time, involves… 

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