Core Stability Exercise Principles

  title={Core Stability Exercise Principles},
  author={Venu Akuthota and Andrea Ferreiro and Tamara Moore and Michael Fredericson},
  journal={Current Sports Medicine Reports},
Core stability is essential for proper load balance within the spine, pelvis, and kinetic chain. The so-called core is the group of trunk muscles that surround the spine and abdominal viscera. Abdominal, gluteal, hip girdle, paraspinal, and other muscles work in concert to provide spinal stability. Core stability and its motor control have been shown to be imperative for initiation of functional limb movements, as needed in athletics. Sports medicine practitioners use core strengthening… 

Functional Therapeutic and Core Strengthening

Targeted exercises to promote neuromuscular re-education in athletes with evidence of core dysfunction are crucial to preventing and treating injury, optimizing functionality, and promoting athletic longevity.

The use of instability to train the core musculature.

While unstable devices have been shown to be effective in decreasing the incidence of low back pain and increasing the sensory efficiency of soft tissues, they are not recommended as the primary exercises for hypertrophy, absolute strength, or power, especially in trained athletes.

Review and Role of Plyometrics and Core Rehabilitation in Competitive Sport

The theory and strategy behind core stability and plyometric training are discussed; the literature on injury prevention, rehabilitation of injury, and performance enhancement with these modalities are reviewed; and the evaluation and rehabilitation of core stability are discussed.


The results showed that external abdominal oblique muscle had significantly greater activity in the sling group (p <.05) and unstable resistance exercises with sling can be instituted during training to induce the external abdominal Oblique activation and to improve core stability.

The Role of Neuromuscular Control of Postural and Core Stability in Functional Movement and Athlete Performance

Balance and core stabilization exercises have often been associated with improved athlete performance and/or decreased incidence of injuries. While these exercises seem to be efficient in the

Biomechanical studies on the interrelation between trunk muscle strength and sports performance

This study sets out to highlight the contribution made to the improvement of the athletes' performance in a wide range of sports and to the prevention of sports injuries, and seeks to contribute to a better overall understanding of the interrelation of trunk muscle strength and athletic performance.

The stabilizing system of the spine

In the last decades of 20th and early 21st century there was a discussion whether stabilization of the LPH complex was more about the activation of deep muscles (local) or combination of deep and superficial muscles contraction (global).

A randomised clinical trial comparing the effectiveness of two exercise programmes on core strength and balance in healthy females

To determine if exercises performed on an unstable surface would result in greater balance improvements in healthy female participants when compared with exercises performed in a stable surface, a randomised clinical trial was conducted.

The Relationship of Trunk Muscle Activation and Core Stability: A Biomechanical Analysis of Pilates-Based Stabilization Exercise

  • Kyeong-Bong Lee
  • Medicine
    International journal of environmental research and public health
  • 2021
It was confirmed that the experienced Pilates practitioners activated the abdominal and low back core muscles effectively, and the stability of the pelvis and trunk were better than that of the non-experienced participants.



The Role of Core Stability in Athletic Function

Evaluation of the core should be dynamic, and include evaluation of the specific functions (trunk control over the planted leg) and directions of motions (three-planar activity).

Core strengthening.

  • E. Arendt
  • Medicine
    Instructional course lectures
  • 2007
It is important to examine the interrelationship between lower extremity function and core stability, including the strength of the trunk muscles and the relationship between the core muscles.

The use of lumbar spinal stabilization techniques during the performance of abdominal strengthening exercise variations.

Abdominal hollowing was an effective method for selective preferential voluntary recruitment of TA/OI site prior to the performance of the curl type abdominal strengthening exercise variation.

Quantification of lumbar stability by using 2 different abdominal activation strategies.

Core stability exercise in chronic low back pain.

  • P. Hodges
  • Medicine, Psychology
    The Orthopedic clinics of North America
  • 2003

Muscular balance, core stability, and injury prevention for middle- and long-distance runners.

Intra-abdominal pressure mechanism for stabilizing the lumbar spine.

Inefficient Muscular Stabilization of the Lumbar Spine Associated With Low Back Pain: A Motor Control Evaluation of Transversus Abdominis

The delayed onset of contraction of transversus abdominis indicates a deficit of motor control and is hypothesized to result in inefficient muscular stabilization of the spine.

Core stability measures as risk factors for lower extremity injury in athletes.

Core stability has an important role in injury prevention and future study may reveal that differences in postural stability partially explain the gender bias among female athletes.