Coral morphology, diversity and reef growth

@article{Chappell1980CoralMD,
  title={Coral morphology, diversity and reef growth},
  author={John Chappell},
  journal={Nature},
  year={1980},
  volume={286},
  pages={249-252}
}
The shape of reef corals is affected by light level1,2 and by wave stress3,4, leading to the well-known zonation of coral form associations with exposure and depth3–6. Growth form also seems to be constrained by geometric factors2,7,8. Similarly, coral calcification rate, of importance both for coral form and for net reef growth, is light dependant9,10, and may be affected by other factors such as wave stress and sediment flux. Here the growth structure of raised Pleistocene reefs in New Guinea… Expand
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oral reefs are the most complex and diverse communities in the sea, and they are in both respects more similar to tropical rain forests than is any other marine ecosystem. Why coral reefs andExpand
10.13 Coral Systems
Coral reefs are globally unique landforms formed in the tropical ocean from the interaction between ecological and physical processes. Reefs are also among the most valuable ecosystems on the Earth,Expand
The shapes of Paleozoic and modern reef-builders: a critical review
Paleoecologists studying Paleozoic reef-builders have interpreted their growth forms as responses to conditions of depth and turbulence in reef complexes. Comparison of the shapes of PaleozoicExpand
Terrigenous sedimentation and coral reef growth: a conceptual framework
Abstract The role of terrigenous (and non-framework carbonate) sedimentation has not been prominent in models of coral reef growth and evolution. We derive and discuss a semi-quantitative model whichExpand
Morphological responses of a cup coral to environmental gradients
TLDR
The morphology of the cup coral Caryophyllia smithii was studied under different regimes of water movement at Lough Hyne, County Cork, Ireland and an increased coral height for any given calyx width was found with increasing depth at sheltered sites and was higher at all depths than at the wave exposed site (even though actual heights decreased). Expand
Coral reefs and growth dynamics of a low-angle Carboniferous platform: Records from Tianlin, southern China
Abstract Metazoan reef building receded globally during the Carboniferous after the Late Devonian extinction events. Shallow-water bioconstructions were generally small and scarce, and corals playedExpand
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TLDR
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