Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification

@article{HoeghGuldberg2007CoralRU,
  title={Coral Reefs Under Rapid Climate Change and Ocean Acidification},
  author={Ove Hoegh‐Guldberg and Peter J. Mumby and Anthony J. Hooten and Robert S. Steneck and Pl Greenfield and Edgardo D. Gomez and C. Drew Harvell and Peter F. Sale and Alastair J. Edwards and Ken Caldeira and Nancy Knowlton and C. Mark Eakin and Roberto Iglesias-Prieto and Nyawira A. Muthiga and Roger Bradbury and Alfonse M. Dubi and Marea Eleni Hatziolos},
  journal={Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={318},
  pages={1737 - 1742}
}
Atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration is expected to exceed 500 parts per million and global temperatures to rise by at least 2°C by 2050 to 2100, values that significantly exceed those of at least the past 420,000 years during which most extant marine organisms evolved. Under conditions expected in the 21st century, global warming and ocean acidification will compromise carbonate accretion, with corals becoming increasingly rare on reef systems. The result will be less diverse reef… 

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