Coraje, nervios, and susto: Culture-bound syndromes and mental health among Mexican migrants in the United States

  title={Coraje, nervios, and susto: Culture-bound syndromes and mental health among Mexican migrants in the United States},
  author={W. Donlan and Junghee Lee},
  journal={Advances in Mental Health},
  pages={288 - 302}
Abstract Purpose This study explored inter-relationships among three culture-bound syndromes, coraje, nervios, or susto, commonly found among Latino populations. Associations of each syndrome to a range of indicators of health, culture, and sociodemographic background were examined. Implications for mental health practitioners working with migrant populations coming from diverse cultural backgrounds were addressed. Methods A total of 179 Mexican-origin migrants were interviewed using a Spanish… Expand
Chronic Stress and Its Symptoms among Mexican Immigrants in Edmonton, Canada
It is concluded that a precise identification of the predictor symptoms of chronic stress may help promote and implement programs aimed at timely prevention of stress before they affect the health and occupational safety of Mexican immigrants living in Edmonton, Canada. Expand
Susto: Etiology of Mental Disorders in Mothers and Children in Mexico
An investigation into the construction and representation of mental disorders was carried out in the Nahua community of Santa Maria de la Encarnacion Xoyatla and in the Mestizo community of San Cristobal Tepeojuma, both located in the southwest of the State of Puebla, in Mexico. Expand
Clinical Practice and Knowledge in Caring: Breastfeeding Ties and the Impact on the Health of Latin-American Minor Migrants
It is clear that barriers that prevent the access to the healthcare system must be removed, barriers that are accentuated by linguistic and cultural incomprehension, through adequate multidisciplinary healthcare settings such as the one presented, composed of a medical doctor, an anthropologist and a cultural mediator. Expand
A Review of Latino/Latinx Participants in Mindfulness-Based Intervention Research
Objectives Mindfulness-based programs (MBPs) have become increasingly popular in the treatment of stress and a variety of other health concerns. Recent research has considered the usefulness of MBPsExpand
Cultural conceptions of a bereavement-related illness in a South African indigenous community
This study explored cultural conceptions of a bereavement-related illness among elderly (aged 34–85yrs) Northern Sotho-speaking people in Limpopo province. The participants (n = 14, females = 50%,Expand
Culturally sensitive counselling with Hispanic/Latino clients
The underutilization of mental health services by ethnic minorities has been a growing concern in research and clinical practice. This is of increasing importance for Hispanic/Latinos in the UnitedExpand
Global Economic Crises and Mental Health
Marie-France Hirigoyen, a French psychiatrist commenting on a recent spate of suicides at France Telecom (Jolly and Saltmarsh, 2009)The above quotation reveals a paradox at the heart of FrenchExpand
This study in medical anthropology was conducted at the National Institute for Health, Migration and Poverty (INMP), in Rome, Italy, and was carried out in 2013-2014 as part of the project “ClinicalExpand
Deconstructing PTSD: Trauma and emotion among Mexican immigrant women
Investigating how subjective reporting of traumatic experience in life history narratives relates to depressive and PTSD symptomatology, cultural idioms, and repeated traumatic experiences among low-income Mexican immigrant women in Chicago reveals the importance of cumulative trauma andcultural idioms for the recognition of suffering and the limitation of diagnostic categories for identifying the needs of those who experience multiple social and psychological stressors. Expand
Background: Botanicas (literally botanies) are local dispensaries that offer spiritual, healing, and religious services to a mostly Latino and Caribbean population in the United States (U.S). DespiteExpand


A Cross-Cultural Approach to the Study of the Folk Illness Nervios
Inter- and intracultural variations in descriptions in four Latino populations of the causes, symptoms, and treatments of nervios, as well as similarities and differences between nervios and susto in these same communities are documented. Expand
Susto and Nervios: Expressions for Stress and Depression
This study validates the link between these folk illnesses and stress and depression and may, ultimately, facilitate cross-cultural research on stress. Expand
Lifetime prevalence of and risk factors for psychiatric disorders among Mexican migrant farmworkers in California.
The results underscore the risk posed by cultural adjustment problems, the potential for progressive deterioration of this population's mental health, and the need for culturally appropriate mental health services. Expand
Gaps in service utilization by Mexican Americans with mental health problems.
Immigrants are unlikely to use mental health services, even when they have a recent disorder, but may use general practitioners, which raises questions about the appropriateness, accessibility, and cost-effectiveness of mental health care for this population. Expand
Ethnopsychiatric interpretations of schizophrenic illness: The problem of nervios within Mexican-American families
  • J. Jenkins
  • Psychology, Medicine
  • Culture, medicine and psychiatry
  • 1988
It is suggested that a cultural preference for the term nervios is linked to the efforts of family members to reduce the stigma associated with a mental illness while also reinforcing the strength of family bonds and solidarity by fostering tolerant inclusion of the family member within the home. Expand
Regional Variation in Latino Descriptions of Susto
A good deal of consistency is shown in report on what susto is: what causes it, its symptoms, and how to treat it; there appear to be, however, some notable regional variations in treatments and a difference between past descriptions of susto and contemporary reports ofiology. Expand
Considering context, place and culture: the National Latino and Asian American Study
New concepts and methods utilized in the development of the NLAAS are presented to capture and investigate ethnic, cultural and environmental considerations that are often ignored in mental health research. Expand
Depressive symptomatology: Prevalence and psychosocial risk factors among Mexican migrant farmworkers in California
This is a study of 1,001 male and female Mexican migrant farmworkers, ages 18 to 59, in rural central California. The Center for Epidemiological Studies–Depression (CES-D) scale was used to measureExpand
Health and Mental Health among Mexican American Migrants: Implications for Survey Research
This paper provides an example of the policy implications of the need to understand emic categories. As part of research commissioned by the U.S. Census Bureau, in-depth interviewing on the topic ofExpand
An Ethnographic Study of the Social Context of Migrant Health in the United States
The study reveals that farm working and housing conditions are organized according to ethnicity and citizenship, with undocumented indigenous Mexicans having the worst health, and strategies toward improving migrant health are concluded. Expand