Copulas are not just inflection: Evidence from Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì1

@article{Welch2016CopulasAN,
  title={Copulas are not just inflection: Evidence from Tłı̨chǫ Yatı{\`i}1},
  author={Nicholas Welch},
  journal={Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique},
  year={2016},
  volume={61},
  pages={98 - 106}
}
  • N. Welch
  • Published 1 March 2016
  • Linguistics
  • Canadian Journal of Linguistics/Revue canadienne de linguistique
In Tłıc̨hǫ Yatıì (Dene/Athapaskan; aka Dogrib), patterns of copula use appear to undermineMoro’s (1997: 248–261) claim that copulas’only function is to provide a site for the morphological realization of inflection. The aimof this note is to show that copulas in this language are obligatory with all nominal predicates, but occur with adjectival predicates only when either the subject has Φ-features requiring agreement or a marked tense/ aspect/mode (TAM) interpretation is intended. This… 
1 Citations
The person-animacy connection: Evidence from Algonquian and Dene
This squib presents evidence from the Algonquian and Dene language families to support a connection between person and animacy. A range of morphosyntactic patterns in these languages, including

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 23 REFERENCES
Propping up predicates: Adjectival predication in Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì
In Tlicho Yatii (Dene, aka Athapaskan), copulas appear obligatorily with adjectives predicated of animate subjects, but are barred from appearing with adjectives predicated of inanimates. I propose
A Copula Analysis of shì in the Chinese Cleft Construction
This paper, based on a cross-linguistic understanding of the concepts of ”copula” and ”cleft”, demonstrates that the Standard Modern Chinese shi is an invariant non-inflectional verb typically
Deducing Clause Structure from the Right Periphery In Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì
  • N. Welch
  • Linguistics
    International Journal of American Linguistics
  • 2015
Tłı̨chǫ Yatıì, a Dene language of the Northwest Territories, Canada, has a number of post-verbal auxiliaries and particles indicating categories such as futurity, mode, negation, information
Relators and Linkers: The Syntax of Predication, Predicate Inversion, and Copulas
In Relators and Linkers, Marcel den Dikken presents a syntax of predication and the inversion of the predicate around its subject, emphasizing meaningless elements (elements with no semantic load)
Lexical categories and argument structure : a study with reference to Sakha ; (met enn samenvatting in het Nederlands)
TLDR
This dissertation presents a model of lexical category determination based on properties of argument structure, an extension of the Theta system developed in Reinhart (2000-2003) and introduces two competing conceptions about argument structure – syntax-oriented and lexicon-oriented.
The Syntax of Predication
Lexical-Functional Grammar (LFG) starts from the idea that grammatical knowledge is factored into different levels of representation, which encode different kinds of information, and are in not in a
Remarks On Nominalization
In his introductory comments to this volume, Chomsky reviews the historical background surrounding the emergence of Remarks on Nominalization, the restrictive view of the syntax which it promoted,
The Raising of Predicates: Predicative Noun Phrases and the Theory of Clause Structure
TLDR
Four apparently unrelated empirical domains: the anomaly of copular sentences: the raising of predicates, the syntax of ci, the defining properties of existential sentences, the 'quasi-copula' and a view beyond: unaccusativity as an epiphenomenon.
Copulas: Universals in the Categorization of the Lexicon
TLDR
The multi-Factor Model of Copularization and Lexical Semantics and the Cross-Linguistic Perspective are presented, which provides a new perspective onCopularization from a linguistic perspective.
Analytical lexicon of Navajo
This lexicon is designed to reflect, in detail, the morphological features of the Navajo language -- an objective that includes the identification and description of about 1130 roots that, variously
...
...