Copper as a biocidal tool.

@article{Borkow2005CopperAA,
  title={Copper as a biocidal tool.},
  author={Gadi Borkow and Jeffrey Gabbay},
  journal={Current medicinal chemistry},
  year={2005},
  volume={12 18},
  pages={
          2163-75
        }
}
Copper ions, either alone or in copper complexes, have been used to disinfect liquids, solids and human tissue for centuries. Today copper is used as a water purifier, algaecide, fungicide, nematocide, molluscicide as well as an anti-bacterial and anti-fouling agent. Copper also displays potent anti-viral activity. This article reviews (i) the biocidal properties of copper; (ii) the possible mechanisms by which copper is toxic to microorganisms; and (iii) the systems by which many… 

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