Copper Surfaces Reduce the Rate of Healthcare-Acquired Infections in the Intensive Care Unit

@article{Salgado2013CopperSR,
  title={Copper Surfaces Reduce the Rate of Healthcare-Acquired Infections in the Intensive Care Unit},
  author={Cassandra D. Salgado and Kent a. Sepkowitz and Joseph John and J. Robert Cantey and Hubert H. Attaway and Katherine D Freeman and Peter A. Sharpe and Harold. T. Michels and Michael G. Schmidt},
  journal={Infection Control \&\#x0026; Hospital Epidemiology},
  year={2013},
  volume={34},
  pages={479 - 486}
}
Objective. Healthcare-acquired infections (HAIs) cause substantial patient morbidity and mortality. Items in the environment harbor microorganisms that may contribute to HAIs. Reduction in surface bioburden may be an effective strategy to reduce HAIs. The inherent biocidal properties of copper surfaces offer a theoretical advantage to conventional cleaning, as the effect is continuous rather than episodic. We sought to determine whether placement of copper alloy-surfaced objects in an intensive… 

New antimicrobial surfaces and intravascular catheters for the prevention of healthcare-associated infections

Findings suggest that DCMS technology is a suitable strategy to design novel antimicrobial surfaces and coated-IVC for preventing HAIs.

Can Copper-Coated Surfaces Prevent Healthcare-Associated Infections?

Accumulating scientific evidence has indicated that contamination of environmental surfaces in hospital rooms plays an important role in the transmission of several key healthcareassociated pathogens, including methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA), vancomycin-resistant Enterococcus spp (VRE), Clostridium difficile, Acinetobacter spp, and norovirus.

The role of the surface environment in healthcare-associated infections

The evidence demonstrating the importance of contamination of hospital surfaces in the transmission of healthcare-associated pathogens and interventions scientifically demonstrated to reduce the levels of microbial contamination and decrease healthcare- associated infections are reviewed.

The role of continuous microbial debulking in the hospital environment and its effect on reducing hospital-acquired infections (HAI)

This chapter will address whether the use of solid copper in hospitals to control bacteria and biofilms represents a transformation to medicine similar in signficance to the observation made by Nightingale.

Does Copper treating of commonly touched surfaces reduce healthcare acquired infections? A Systematic Review and meta-analysis

Overall, low quality evidence is found of a potential clinical importance that copper-treated hard surfaces and/or bed linens and clothes reduced healthcare acquired infections by 27% (RR 0.73; 95% CI 0.57 to 0.94).

Antimicrobial Medical Textiles Used in Clinical Settings May Play an Important Role in Reducing Healthcare-Acquired Infections

  • G. Borkow
  • Medicine, Biology
    Journal of Infectious Diseases & Travel Medicine
  • 2019
The association between HAIs and environmental contamination within the healthcare environment is now well established and decontamination of contaminated surfaces contributes to the reduction of nosocomial infection outbreaks.
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 45 REFERENCES

Sustained Reduction of Microbial Burden on Common Hospital Surfaces through Introduction of Copper

The introduction of copper surfaces to objects formerly covered with plastic, wood, stainless steel, and other materials found in the patient care environment significantly reduced the overall MB on a continuous basis, thereby providing a potentially safer environment for hospital patients, health care workers, and visitors.

Role of copper in reducing hospital environment contamination.

Environmental contamination makes an important contribution to hospital infection.

  • J. Boyce
  • Medicine, Biology
    The Journal of hospital infection
  • 2007

The Role Played by Contaminated Surfaces in the Transmission of Nosocomial Pathogens

Evidence is accumulating that contaminated surfaces make an important contribution to the epidemic and endemic transmission of Clostridium difficile, vancomycin-resistant enterococci, methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, and norovirus and that improved environmental decontamination contributes to the control of outbreaks.

Intervention to reduce transmission of resistant bacteria in intensive care.

The intervention was not effective in reducing the transmission of MRSA or VRE, although the use of barrier precautions by providers was less than what was required.

The Antimicrobial Efficacy of Copper Alloy Furnishing in the Clinical Environment: A Crossover Study

Copper alloys (greater than or equal to 58% copper), when incorporated into various hospital furnishings and fittings, reduce the surface microorganisms and may therefore further reduce the risk that patients will acquire infection in healthcare environments.

Room Decontamination with UV Radiation

This UV-C device was effective in eliminating vegetative bacteria on contaminated surfaces both in the line of sight and behind objects within approximately 15 minutes and in eliminating C. difficile spores within 50 minutes.

Self-Disinfecting Surfaces

  • D. WeberW. Rutala
  • Medicine, Biology
    Infection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
  • 2012
Reducing or eliminating surface contamination is crucial to preventing acquisition of healthcare pathogens by patients who are newly admitted to rooms previously occupied by colonized or infected patients and to minimizing the risk of contaminating the hands of healthcare personnel.