Cooperativeness – A necessary trait for interpreters? A study on temperament and character dimensions of experts in different fields

@article{Hiltunen2019CooperativenessA,
  title={Cooperativeness – A necessary trait for interpreters? A study on temperament and character dimensions of experts in different fields},
  author={Sini Hiltunen and Heli M{\"a}ntyranta and Ilmari M{\"a}{\"a}tt{\"a}nen},
  journal={International Journal of Bilingualism},
  year={2019},
  volume={23},
  pages={1385 - 1393}
}
Aims and Objectives: The aim of the present study was to investigate whether particular temperament and personality traits are more characteristic to interpreters’ expert performance than to expert performance in other fields. Design: To these ends, the Temperament and Character Inventory by Cloninger et al. (1994) and the distractibility scale of the Revised Dimensions of Temperament Survey by Windle (1992) were used. Data and Analyses: The data was gathered from two groups of interpreters… Expand
1 Citations

Tables from this paper

Positive affect state is a good predictor of movement and stress: combining data from ESM/EMA, mobile HRV measurements and trait questionnaires
TLDR
Evidence is provided on the influence of personality-like traits and social context to affect states, and, in turn, their influence to movement and stress variables. Expand

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 30 REFERENCES
A story of attitudes and aptitudes?: investigating individual difference variables within the context of interpreting
Unlike in the early days of interpreter training, most student interpreters nowadays are still in the process of acquiring their target language(s), which raises questions as to which skills —Expand
The psychobiological theory of temperament and character: comment on Farmer and Goldberg (2008).
TLDR
The revised Temperament and Character Inventory (TCI-R) is the third stage of development of a widely used multiscale personality inventory that began with the Tridimensional Personality Questionnaires and is strongly validated by extensive data from genetics, neurobiology, longitudinal studies of development, and clinical assessment. Expand
Revised Dimensions of Temperament Survey (DOTS—R): Simultaneous group confirmatory factor analysis for adolescent gender groups.
Confirmatory factor analyses supported the plausibility of a 10-factor model of the Revised Dimensions of Temperament Survey (DOTS-R; Windle & Lerner, 1986) with a sample of 975 teenagers.Expand
Cognitive and motivational contributors to aptitude: a study of spoken and signed language interpreting students
This article reports the findings of a causal-comparative study with spoken language (primarily conference) and signed language (primarily public service) interpreting students carried out at fourExpand
Impact of personality temperaments and characters on academic performance and specialty selection among a group of Egyptian medical graduates
TLDR
In specialty selection, females were significantly overrepresented in pediatrics and clinical pathology, whereas males were significantly predominating surgical specialties except for obstetrics and gynecology (p = .00). Expand
On interpreters’ working memory and executive control
Research questions: The purpose of the study was to reveal new aspects of interpreters’ memory and executive control. Design: The memory and executive control of simultaneous and consecutiveExpand
Genetic and environmental structure of Cloninger's temperament and character dimensions.
TLDR
The multivariate genetic and environmental structure of Cloninger's Temperament and Character Inventory was investigated in a sample of adolescent and young adult twins from Japan and showed that several subscales used to define one dimension shared a common genetic basis with subscales defining others. Expand
Aptitude testing over the years
In the present paper I review the existing literature on aptitude testing with a view to highlighting the main emerging themes: which qualities indicate an aptitude in a prospective interpreter, howExpand
Heritability of the big five personality dimensions and their facets: a twin study.
The genetic and environmental etiology of the five-factor model of personality as measured by the revised NEO Personality Inventory (NEO-PI-R) was assessed using 123 pairs of identical twins and 127Expand
Studies of Expertise from Psychological Perspectives
TLDR
This chapter focuses on the influential developments within cognitive science and cognitive psychology that have occurred over the last three decades and attempts to characterize some of the emerging insights about mechanisms and aspects of expertise that generalize across domains. Expand
...
1
2
3
...