Cooperative Problem Solving by Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus)

  title={Cooperative Problem Solving by Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus)},
  author={Raphael Chalmeau and Karine Lardeux and Pierre Brandibas and Alain Gallo},
  journal={International Journal of Primatology},
A captive pair of subadult male orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) performed a cooperative task without training. Both partners had to pull a handle simultaneously in order for each to get food. They also learned the importance of the partner at the apparatus to make a successful response. The requirements of the cooperative task appear to have been understood by the orangutans, much like chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) in the same situation. In contrast, capuchins (Cebus apella) succeeded in the… 

Chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) learn to act with other individuals in a cooperative task

Two chimpanzees were presented with a task in which they were required to pull each end of a rope simultaneously to drag blocks supporting food into reach and began to solicit the human partner for cooperation: looking up at his face, vocalizing, and taking the partner’s hand.

Problem-solving in a cooperative task in peach-fronted conures (Eupsittula aurea)

The findings show that peach-fronted conures can solve a cooperative task, and that cooperation success is not determined by external cues or by partner identity or affinity.

Orangutans (Pongo spp.) do not spontaneously share benefits with familiar conspecifics in a choice paradigm

This study gives the first experimental evidence that socially housed captive orangutans do not behave prosocially in a choice paradigm experiment, suggesting that orangutan do not spontaneously share benefits with other conspecifics, even when the prosocial choice does not disadvantage them.

Blue‐throated macaws ( Ara glaucogularis ) succeed in a cooperative task without coordinating their actions

Social complexity may select for socio‐cognitive abilities. The “loose string” task has become a comparative benchmark paradigm for investigating cooperative problem‐solving abilities in many

Orangutans (Pongo pygmaeus) Do Not Form Expectations Based on Their Partner’s Outcomes

Orangutans did not respond negatively to inequity, supporting previous findings and indicating that inequity responses in apes are likely a convergence based on either sociality or cooperative tendency, which highlights the need for additional comparative studies to understand better the function and evolution of social behaviors.

Cooperation in bottlenose dolphins: bidirectional coordination in a rope-pulling task

The results suggest that bottlenose dolphins learn to coordinate their behaviors via trial and error and recognize the necessity of performing simultaneous actions with a partner to successfully accomplish cooperative tasks.

Partner Choice in Raven (Corvus corax) Cooperation

The results revealed that friends preferred staying close to each other, but did not necessarily cooperate with one another, suggesting that tolerance of proximity and not relationship quality as a whole may be the driving force behind partner choice in raven cooperation.

Kea, Nestor notabilis, achieve cooperation in dyads, triads, and tetrads when dominants show restraint

This work explored the influence of dominance, rank distance, tolerance, affiliation, and coordination by testing kea parrots with a box requiring two, three, or four chains to be pulled simultaneously to access food rewards, and found that in a dyad monopolization of the box by the highest-ranking bird was the largest obstacle preventing successful cooperation.

Responses to Economic Games of Cooperation and Conflict in Squirrel Monkeys (Saimiri boliviensis).

The results suggest that, like capuchins, squirrel monkeys coordinate their behavior with others, suggesting that such mutual outcomes occur in at least some contexts, even in species that do not routinely cooperate.



Do chimpanzees cooperate in a learning task?

Assessing the ability of chimpanzees to cooperate in an instrumental task revealed a significant increase in the number of pulls each time both chimpanzees were together at the apparatus, suggesting that operant chimpanzees learn to coordinate their actions in time and space.

What chimpanzees (Pan troglodytes) learn in a cooperative task

To examine the development of cooperation in a captive group of chimpanzees, an apparatus which required the simultaneous traction by two animals to get a reward was designed and visual behavior was used to try to determine what chimpanzees learned about the cooperative task.

Capuchin monkeys, Cebus apella fail to understand a cooperative task

Social tolerance, as well as their tendency to explore and their manual dexterity, were the major factors accounting for the capuchin monkeys' success in a task whose solution required simultaneous pulling of two handles.

Cooperation in primates: Critical analysis of behavioural criteria

Comprehension of role reversal in chimpanzees: evidence of empathy?

Tool-using skills of orang-utans

Cooperative Tool Use by Captive Hamadryas Baboons

A bonded pair of hamadryas baboons developed cooperative tool use without training. The male could get food with the tool but first had to get the tool from an adjoining cage which he could not

Social cognition of monkeys and apes

This paper reviews what is known about the social cognition of monkeys and great apes. The literature reviewed is divided into three main content areas: (1) social interaction, including knowledge of

Hunting behavior of wild chimpanzees in the Taï National Park.

  • C. BoeschH. Boesch
  • Environmental Science, Biology
    American journal of physical anthropology
  • 1989
Forest chimpanzees have a more specialized prey image, intentionally search for more adult prey, and hunt in larger groups and with a more elaborate cooperative level than savanna-woodlands chimpanzees, and tend to share meat more actively and more frequently.