ARID3A/DRIL1/Bright is a family member of the AT rich interaction domain (ARID) DNA-binding proteins that are involved in diverse biological processes. We have reported that p53 activates ARID3A transcription, and ARID3A overexpression induces G1 arrest. However, the role of ARID3A in the p53 pathway remains unclear. Here, we show that ARID3A cooperates with p53 to transcriptionally activate p21(WAF1), a p53-target gene important for cell-cycle arrest. ARID3A bound to its binding sites in the p21(WAF1) promoter in vivo and in vitro, and induced p21(WAF1) transcription in U2OS cells expressing wild-type p53 but not Saos-2 cells lacking p53. The co-expression of ARID3A with p53 cooperates to activate p21(WAF1) transcription and the stably transfected p21(WAF1) promoter. Mutation of the ARID3A binding sites reduced the p21(WAF1) promoter activity, and siRNA-based ARID3A knockdown suppressed the transcription of p21(WAF1), but not the proapoptotic NOXA and PUMA in response to DNA damage. Furthermore, p53 knockdown decreased ARID3A transcription, and, conversely, ARID3A overexpression and knockdown resulted in an increase or decrease in p53 stability, respectively. These results indicate both cooperative and interdependent roles for ARID3A and p53 in the transcriptional activation of p21(WAF1) in response to DNA damage.