Convex analysis” is developed for functions defined on integer lattice points. We investigate the class of functions which enjoy a variant of Steinitz’s exchange property. It includes linear functions on matroids, valuations on matroids (in the sense of Dress and Wenzel), and separable concave functions on the integral base polytope of submodular systems. It is shown that a function ω has the Steinitz exchange property if and only if it can be extended to a concave function ω such that the… CONTINUE READING