Conversion of oxybenzone sunscreen to phototoxic glucoside conjugates by sea anemones and corals

@article{Vuckovic2022ConversionOO,
  title={Conversion of oxybenzone sunscreen to phototoxic glucoside conjugates by sea anemones and corals},
  author={Djordje Vuckovic and Amanda I Tinoco and Lorraine Ling and Christian Renicke and John R. Pringle and William A. Mitch},
  journal={Science},
  year={2022},
  volume={376},
  pages={644 - 648}
}
The reported toxicity of oxybenzone-based sunscreens to corals has raised concerns about the impacts of ecotourist-shed sunscreens on corals already weakened by global stressors. However, oxybenzone’s toxicity mechanism(s) are not understood, hampering development of safer sunscreens. We found that oxybenzone caused high mortality of a sea anemone under simulated sunlight including ultraviolet (UV) radiation (290 to 370 nanometers). Although oxybenzone itself protected against UV-induced photo… 
Quantum mechanical study of interactions between sunscreen ingredients and nucleotide bases
Interactions between the popular sunscreen ingredients oxybenzone and homosalate and DNA bases have been studied using density functional theory and ab initio methods. Low-energy structures for each
Sunscreens threaten coral survival.
Oxybenzone-based sunscreens are increasing the mortality rates of stressed corals.

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