Conversation, co-ordination and convention: an empirical investigation of how groups establish linguistic conventions

@article{Garrod1994ConversationCA,
  title={Conversation, co-ordination and convention: an empirical investigation of how groups establish linguistic conventions},
  author={Simon Garrod and Gwyneth Doherty},
  journal={Cognition},
  year={1994},
  volume={53},
  pages={181-215}
}
Two experiments are reported which demonstrate the development of co-ordinated description languages in two groups of communicators playing Garrod and Anderson's (1987) maze game. The experiments contrast language co-ordination between speakers who always interact with the same partner (isolated pairs) as compared with speakers who interact with different partners drawn from the same community. Whereas the isolated pairs show higher degrees of inter-speaker convergence than the community pairs… Expand

Topics from this paper

Syntactic co-ordination in dialogue
TLDR
An experiment that employed a novel confederate-scripting technique to investigate whether speakers also co-ordinate syntactic structure in dialogue suggests that these effects are instances of syntactic priming, and provides evidence for a shared level of representation in comprehension and production. Expand
Participation , Precedence and Co-ordination in Dialogue
A key problem for models of dialogue is to explain how semantic co-ordination is achieved. The collaborative model highlights pair-specfic co-ordination processes. The interactive alignment modelExpand
Linguistic Coordination in Japanese and English
This report presents the phenomenon of linguistic coordination in the multi-lingual environment of Japanese and English. The main purpose of the project is to investigate the effects on coordinationExpand
Understanding Dialogue
Linguistic interaction between two people is the fundamental form of communication, yet almost all research in language use focuses on isolated speakers and listeners. In this innovative work, GarrodExpand
The emergence of procedural conventions in dialogue
TLDR
A collaborative task is reported which presents participants with the recurrent co-ordination problem of ordering their actions and utterances into a single coherent sequence and provides evidence of interlocutors developing collaborative routines which become conventionalized within a group of language users. Expand
Instituting interaction: normative transformations in human communicative practices
TLDR
The emergence of institutions will be characterized in evolutionary and normative terms, beginning with adaptive responses to the selective pressures of certain situational environments, and continuing with the capacity to then shape, constrain, and institute those environments to further refine and streamline the authors' problem-solving activity. Expand
Perspective taking and the coordination of meaning in language use
Publisher Summary Language use requires coordination to be successful, because language can be ambiguous. Thus, speakers and listeners will often have to adapt their behavior to their interlocutorExpand
Interaction Promotes the Adaptation of Referential Conventions to the Communicative Context
Coordination between speakers in dialogue requires balancing repetition and change, the old and the new. Interlocutors tend to reuse established forms, relying on communicative precedents. YetExpand
Establishing Linguistic Conventions in Task-Oriented Primeval Dialogue
TLDR
It is claimed that language is likely to have emerged as a mechanism for coordinating the solution of complex tasks and a strong effect of success mattering on both reliability and dispersion of linguistic conventions is confirmed. Expand
Dialogue and Interaction
Dialogue has processing demands and involves cognitive resources distinct from those involved in monologue or in language use in groups. Interlocutors' actions are tightly coordinated; both partiesExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 14 REFERENCES
Saying what you mean in dialogue: A study in conceptual and semantic co-ordination
TLDR
The results from this study would suggest that language processing in dialogue may be governed by local principles of interaction which have received little attention in the psychological and linguistic literature to date. Expand
The Development of Dialogue Co-ordination Skills in Schoolchildren.
Abstract This paper explores certain ways in which dialogue co-ordination skills develop in schoolchildren between 7 and 12 years of age. The analysis is based on a large corpus (from 80 pairs ofExpand
Understanding by addressees and overhearers
Abstract In conversation speakers design their utterances to be understood against the common ground they share with their addressees—their common experience, expertise, dialect, and culture. ThatExpand
Referring as a collaborative process
TLDR
A communication task in which pairs of people conversed about arranging complex figures is described and how the proposed model accounts for many features of the references they produced is shown. Expand
Biological evolution of the Saussurean sign as a component of the language acquisition device
TLDR
Three conceivable strategies for acquiring the basis of communicative behaviour, here labelled the Imitator, Calculator, and Saussurean strategies, are defined as functions from samplings of observed behaviour to acquired behaviour patterns. Expand
Surface form and memory in question answering
Abstract Speakers tend to repeat materials from previous talk. This tendency is experimentally established and manipulated in various question-answering situations. It is shown that a question'sExpand
Symbol Grounding or the Emergence of Symbols? Vocabulary Growth in Children and a Connectionist Net
TLDR
A connectionist model of concept formation and vocabulary growth that auto-associates image representations and their associated labels is described, which implements several well-documented findings in the literature on early semantic development. Expand
Convention: A Philosophical Study
Acknowledgements. Foreword by W.V. Quine. Introduction. I. Coordination and Convention. Sample Coordination Problems. Analysis of Coordination Problems. Solving Coordination Problems. Convention.Expand
Changes in reference phrases as a function of frequency of usage in social interaction: a preliminary study
Pairs of subjects interacted in a problem-solving task which required them to communicate about ambiguous figures. The length of the reference phrase for each figure was calculated. A negativeExpand
Experimental Psycholinguistics: An Introduction
TLDR
This book discusses communication systems and the general properties of human language, speech sounds and speech perception, word meanings and the mental dictionary, and learning the authors' first language. Expand
...
1
2
...