Converging Cognitive Enhancements

  title={Converging Cognitive Enhancements},
  author={Anders Sandberg and Nick Bostrom},
  journal={Annals of the New York Academy of Sciences},
Abstract:  Cognitive enhancement, the amplification or extension of core capacities of the mind, has become a major topic in bioethics. But cognitive enhancement is a prime example of a converging technology where individual disciplines merge and issues transcend particular local discourses. This article reviews currently available methods of cognitive enhancement and their likely near‐term prospects for convergence. 
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In the field of bioethics, the relatively recent phenomenon of cognitive enhancement—the idea that one might improve upon their typical, or "healthy," level of intellect through the use of
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In the mapping of ethical issues regarding human cognitive enhancement, we used a two-tiered approach in which we first carried out a systematic search, followed by the addition of references found
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  • Biology
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  • 2016
Here is a transdisciplinary augmented cognition framework based on a review of the literature, accelerating progress in and convergence of a range of independent areas of science and technology, and the application of technology forecasting techniques that would significantly enhance human cognitive function and memory capacity while bridging the often-presumed gap between human and future machine intelligence.
How does enhancing cognition affect human values? How does this translate into social responsibility?
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  • Psychology
    Current topics in behavioral neurosciences
  • 2015
The way values affect and are affected by enhancing cognitive abilities is explored and it is argued that knowledge of the interplay between values and cognitive enhancement makes a strong case for social responsibility around cognitive enhancement practices.
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The aim of the present chapter is to introduce up-to-date brain stimulation tools that were successful in enhancing sensory and high-level cognitive functions in healthy individuals and the usage of different methods of brain stimulation to improve these different cognitive functions.


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  • U. Goswami
  • Education
    Nature Reviews Neuroscience
  • 2006
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  • Medicine, Biology
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This is an initial summary report of a project taking a new and systematic approach to improving the intellectual effectiveness of the individual human being. A detailed conceptual framework explores
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