Convergent mechanisms favor fast amyloid formation in two lambda 6a Ig light chain mutants.

Abstract

Extracellular deposition as amyloids of immunoglobulin light chains causes light chain amyloidosis. Among the light chain families, lambda 6a is one of the most frequent in light chain amyloidosis patients. Its germline protein, 6aJL2, and point mutants, R24G and P7S, are good models to study fibrillogenesis, because their stability and fibril formation characteristics have been described. Both mutations make the germline protein unstable and speed up its ability to aggregate. To date, there is no molecular mechanism that explains how these differences in amyloidogenesis can arise from a single mutation. To look into the structural and dynamical differences in the native state of these proteins, we carried out molecular dynamics simulations at room temperature. Despite the structural similarity of the germline protein and the mutants, we found differences in their dynamical signatures that explain the mutants' increased tendency to form amyloids. The contact network alterations caused by the mutations, though different, converge in affecting two anti-aggregation motifs present in light chain variable domains, suggesting a different starting point for aggregation in lambda chains compared to kappa chains.

DOI: 10.1002/bip.23027

Cite this paper

@article{ValdsGarca2017ConvergentMF, title={Convergent mechanisms favor fast amyloid formation in two lambda 6a Ig light chain mutants.}, author={Gilberto Vald{\'e}s-Garc{\'i}a and C{\'e}sar Mill{\'a}n-Pacheco and Nina Pastor}, journal={Biopolymers}, year={2017}, volume={107 8} }