Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists

@article{Kohler2015ConvergentLO,
  title={Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists},
  author={Annegret Kohler and Alan Kuo and L{\'a}szl{\'o} G. Nagy and Emmanuelle Morin and Kerrie W. Barry and François Buscot and Bj{\"o}rn Canb{\"a}ck and Cindy Choi and Nicolas Cichocki and Alicia Clum and Jan Colpaert and Alex Copeland and Maur{\'i}cio Dutra Costa and Jeanne Dor{\'e} and Dimitrios Floudas and Gilles Gay and Mariangela Girlanda and Bernard Henrissat and Sylvie Herrmann and Jaqueline Hess and N H{\"o}gberg and Tomas Johansson and Hassine Radhouane Khouja and Kurt LaButti and Urs Lahrmann and Anthony Levasseur and Erika A. Lindquist and Anna Lipzen and Roland Marmeisse and Elena Martino and Claude Murat and Chew Yee Ngan and Uwe Nehls and Jonathan M. Plett and Anne Pringle and Robin A. Ohm and Silvia Perotto and Martina Peter and Robert Riley and Francois Rineau and Joske Ruytinx and Asaf A. Salamov and Firoz Shah and Hui Sun and Mika Tapio Tarkka and Andrew J. Tritt and Claire Veneault-Fourrey and Alga Zuccaro and Anders Tunlid and Igor V. Grigoriev and David S. Hibbett and Francis M. Martin},
  journal={Nature Genetics},
  year={2015},
  volume={47},
  pages={410-415}
}
To elucidate the genetic bases of mycorrhizal lifestyle evolution, we sequenced new fungal genomes, including 13 ectomycorrhizal (ECM), orchid (ORM) and ericoid (ERM) species, and five saprotrophs, which we analyzed along with other fungal genomes. Ectomycorrhizal fungi have a reduced complement of genes encoding plant cell wall–degrading enzymes (PCWDEs), as compared to their ancestral wood decayers. Nevertheless, they have retained a unique array of PCWDEs, thus suggesting that they possess… 

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