Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists

  title={Convergent losses of decay mechanisms and rapid turnover of symbiosis genes in mycorrhizal mutualists},
  author={A. Kohler and A. Kuo and L. Nagy and E. Morin and K. Barry and F. Buscot and Bj{\"o}rn Canb{\"a}ck and C. Choi and N. Cichocki and Alicia Clum and J. Colpaert and Alex Copeland and M. D. Costa and J. Dor{\'e} and Dimitrios Floudas and G. Gay and Mariangela Girlanda and B. Henrissat and S. Herrmann and Jaqueline Hess and N. H{\"o}gberg and T. Johansson and Hassine-Radhouane Khouja and K. LaButti and Urs Lahrmann and A. Levasseur and Erika A Lindquist and A. Lipzen and R. Marmeisse and E. Martino and C. Murat and C. Y. Ngan and U. Nehls and J. Plett and Anne Pringle and Robin A. Ohm and S. Perotto and M. Peter and R. Riley and F. Rineau and J. Ruytinx and A. Salamov and F. Shah and H. Sun and M. Tarkka and Andrew Tritt and C. Veneault-Fourrey and A. Zuccaro and A. Tunlid and I. Grigoriev and D. Hibbett and F. Martin},
  journal={Nature Genetics},
  • A. Kohler, A. Kuo, +49 authors F. Martin
  • Published 2015
  • Biology, Medicine
  • Nature Genetics
  • To elucidate the genetic bases of mycorrhizal lifestyle evolution, we sequenced new fungal genomes, including 13 ectomycorrhizal (ECM), orchid (ORM) and ericoid (ERM) species, and five saprotrophs, which we analyzed along with other fungal genomes. Ectomycorrhizal fungi have a reduced complement of genes encoding plant cell wall–degrading enzymes (PCWDEs), as compared to their ancestral wood decayers. Nevertheless, they have retained a unique array of PCWDEs, thus suggesting that they possess… CONTINUE READING
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