Convergent evolution of a complex fruit structure in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae).

@article{Hall2011ConvergentEO,
  title={Convergent evolution of a complex fruit structure in the tribe Brassiceae (Brassicaceae).},
  author={Jocelyn C Hall and Tracy E. Tisdale and Kathleen Donohue and Andrew J. Wheeler and Mohammed A. I. Al-yahya and Elena M. Kramer},
  journal={American journal of botany},
  year={2011},
  volume={98 12},
  pages={
          1989-2003
        }
}
PREMISE OF STUDY Many angiosperms have fruit morphologies that result in seeds from the same plant having different dispersal capabilities. A prime example is found in the Brassiceae (Brassicaceae), which has many members with segmented or heteroarthrocarpic fruits. Since only 40% of the genera are heteroarthrocarpic, this tribe provides an opportunity to study the evolution of an ecologically significant novelty and its variants. METHODS We analyzed nuclear (PHYA) and plastid (matK… 

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