Convergent Evolution of Wingbeat-Powered Anti-Bat Ultrasound in the Microlepidoptera

  title={Convergent Evolution of Wingbeat-Powered Anti-Bat Ultrasound in the Microlepidoptera},
  author={Liam J. O’Reilly and Brogan J. Harris and David John Lawrence Agassiz and Marc W. Holderied},
  booktitle={Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution},
Bats and moths provide a textbook example of predator-prey evolutionary arms races, demonstrating adaptations, and counter adaptations on both sides. The evolutionary responses of moths to the biosonar-led hunting strategies of insectivorous bats include convergently evolved hearing structures tuned to detect bat echolocation frequencies. These allow many moths to detect hunting bats and manoeuvre to safety, or in the case of some taxa, respond by emitting sounds which startle bats, jam their… 
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