Neurons within the superior secondary gustatory nucleus (nGS) of the channel catfish were examined electrophysiologically for responses to mechanical and chemical stimulation of neural peripheral receptive fields (RFs). Of the 28 single units sampled, 18 had mechanosensory RFs on the extraoral epithelium, two had RFs within the oropharyngeal cavity, and eight had RFs that included both oral and extraoral surfaces. RF sizes varied from approximately 2 cm2 on the ipsilateral lips and barbels to the whole body surface, bilaterally. No obvious correlation existed between RF pattern and recording location within the nGS. Eight of the mechanosensory nGS units also responded to amino acid taste stimuli with thresholds from micromolar to millimolar concentrations. The convergence of oral and extraoral information within the nGS determined electrophysiologically was corroborated anatomically by HRP labeling experiments. Restricted HRP injections into each of the primary gustatory nuclei of the medulla, the vagal (VL) and facial (FL) lobes, labeled fibers that appeared to terminate diffusely throughout the nGS, and injections into different portions of the nGS retrogradely labeled cells in both the FL and VL. The present electrophysiological and neuroanatomical data distinguish the convergent gustatory representation within the nGS of the catfish from the highly specific somatotopic and viscerotopic sensory maps previously identified in the FL and VL, respectively.