Convergence, Consilience, and the Evolution of Temperate Deciduous Forests*

@article{Edwards2017ConvergenceCA,
  title={Convergence, Consilience, and the Evolution of Temperate Deciduous Forests*},
  author={Erika J Edwards and David S. Chatelet and Bo-Chang Chen and Jin Yao Ong and Shuichiro Tagane and Hironobu Kanemitsu and Kazuki Tagawa and Kentaro Teramoto and Brian Park and Kuo-Fang Chung and Jer‐Ming Hu and Tetsukazu Yahara and Michael J. Donoghue},
  journal={The American Naturalist},
  year={2017},
  volume={190},
  pages={S87 - S104}
}
The deciduous habit of northern temperate trees and shrubs provides one of the most obvious examples of convergent evolution, but how did it evolve? Hypotheses based on the fossil record posit that deciduousness evolved first in response to drought or darkness and preadapted certain lineages as cold climates spread. An alternative is that evergreens first established in freezing environments and later evolved the deciduous habit. We monitored phenological patterns of 20 species of Viburnum… 

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